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  1. ceg4048

    what water to use with Ei Starter Kit

    You do not need any special water. Just use tap water. I have no idea where the idea came from to use distilled or RO water, or to boil water. There is absolutely no benefit, nor are there any disadvantages to using the water straight from your tap. Cheers,
  2. ceg4048

    Potassium Nitrate (KNO3) Purchased from Internet

    My KNO3 stash makes me Public Enemy #1. Have already been interrogated by agents and was lucky to escape with my life. :cool:
  3. ceg4048

    My head is bursting

    Hello, These are all signs of poor CO2 and has nothing to do with EI. My suggestion is to forget about getting perfect nutrients and concentrate of fixing your CO2/flow/distribution. As long as you are adding nutrition then there really is nothing to worry about unless the plants show...
  4. ceg4048

    Is EI dosing right for me?

    Typical indication of poor CO2. Holes in plants, if not caused by predation, is only ever caused by poor CO2. Terrible idea as Nitrogen is the second most important nutrient, second only to Carbon. Cheers,
  5. ceg4048

    Doubts about trace elements

    Hello, The elements you've listed have very little importance (not familiar with "Rubido?") and I suggest purchasing less expensive trace mixes containing the standard elements. Cheers,
  6. ceg4048

    If I were to add a chunk of iron to the tank...

    Hi Marcel, Yes this is a problem in The Matrix. We often cannot tell what is real and what is an illusion. Check this out. you can buy what is essentially powdered rust as a trace element. I used to use this stuff from this vendor all the time: Gardens Direct Ferric It was fine...
  7. ceg4048

    Adding More Copper to our Trace Mix

    You do not need any more copper. As I mentioned previously, plants only require microscopic amounts of these metals. That's why they are called micro-nutrients. Metallic ions such as Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Zinc and others are toxic as hell. Plants have to devise strategies to chelate them...
  8. ceg4048

    If I were to add a chunk of iron to the tank...

    This is not true. It would only be true if the nail were made of stainless steel. Old iron nails will rust and as Tim's reference indicates plants harbor and develop certain microbes that convert the ferric oxide to ferrous, which is more bioavailable. This is an aerobic process and the plants...
  9. ceg4048

    Dosing / water change question

    Daily water changes is not really necessary. A 2X or max 3X per week is good for the first 3-4 weeks and then once per week is the standard thereafter. As mentioned, with this scheme dosing after the water change makes more sense. Cheers,
  10. ceg4048

    TNC complete dosing question

    Wow, "widow-maker" - sounds like a really large heavy broadsword. Only serious gamers need apply.:oops: As Tim mentions above, its really necessary to provide photos so that we can identify the type of algae. The type of algae determines which ingredient is deficient. It could easily be that...
  11. ceg4048

    Dosing Calcium and Magnesium in CaCO3 Equivalents

    Totally agree with Oldguy. Worrying about Ca:Mg ratios is another waste of energy. Worry about keeping your tank clean with massive and frequent water changes and worry about CO2/flow/distribution, which are 1000 times more important than ratios. Cheers,
  12. ceg4048

    Dosing for a fairly new planted tank

    Hello, Melting plants are always a sign of poor CO2. The amount of liquid carbon you are adding is insufficient for the amount of light that you are pumping into the tank. This is almost always why tanks fail. Everyone seems to think that more light is better. While this philosophy...
  13. ceg4048

    Iron deficiency and which chelator do I need?

    OK, so as always, when your CO2 profile is good but the fish suffer hypercapnia then that means your flow/distribution is in question. This is the area you'll need to tackle. It's very likely that when you fix your flow/distribution then you'll also fix whatever nutrient problems you have...
  14. ceg4048

    Nutrient Deficiency ??

    Hi Nigel, Well, remember that the DC should corroborate your pH drop, so the pH drop has priority and should have your attention, but if the DC shows a darker green than you anticipated then you'll need to investigate. The DC should definitely have a very light green. I use the DC...
  15. ceg4048

    Iron deficiency and which chelator do I need?

    Hi Hufsa, Honestly I can't really see anything wrong with the floaters in post 15, but choosing between solving a trace problem, if it exists, and a CO2 problem - well, I always choose to tackle CO2. I mean, really, it there is a shortage of trace then just add more trace. That is...
  16. ceg4048

    Iron deficiency and which chelator do I need?

    Hello, First of all there are no known algae that are affected by Iron. In your original post it seemed that you were having difficulty with the coloration of plants, hence the focus on Iron. The photos in post 15 reveal this is a typical case of filamentous algae which has nothing to...
  17. ceg4048

    How soon to dose EI after startup?

    Agree with foxfish. Dose immediately otherwise the tank will steal your lunch. Cheers,
  18. ceg4048

    Nutrient Deficiency ??

    As mentioned by Zeus, GSA is typical issue with slow growing plants and is associated with a combination of low CO2 and low PO4. Since neither is problematic, as evidenced by the health and growth of the other plants, the only defense is to move the plant to a more shaded area to protect them...
  19. ceg4048

    New Fert Time and Confused... (Sulphur Levels?)

    OK, fair enough, and as evidenced by the tap water content, sulfur toxicity is also unheard of. No, this is down to the low CO2 levels typical in a non injected tank. The plants with holes either are less efficient CO2 gatherers, or are rapid CO2 users, or they are in an area with chronically...
  20. ceg4048

    New Fert Time and Confused... (Sulphur Levels?)

    Well, the only reason you would get into trouble is if you continually obsess over these numbers and start doing crazy things in an effort to micromanage those numbers. If this is a non-CO2 tank then things happen very slowly (unless there is too much light). That tank looks pretty good to me...
  21. ceg4048

    Ei method, safe for shrimps?

    No. As you noted, there are lots of causes for shrimp death. This is not one of them. CHeers,
  22. ceg4048

    JBL ferropol

    Thus the invention of EI. Why not save yourself a bundle and simply buy generic powders here=> Gardens Direct A few grams mixed in water will give you a mix 10X more powerful than ferrolpol could every dream of being, or save yourself time and energy and simply grab a pinch between thumb and...
  23. ceg4048

    Using high and low ferts alternating

    Hi Kingy, OK, thanks for the photos. There appears to be a couple types of diatomic algae typical of newly setup tanks. Theoretically, the algae should go away by itself after 2-3 weeks, however, the situation is often exacerbated when we make mistakes, such as having too much...
  24. ceg4048

    Using high and low ferts alternating

    For best advice it would be necessary to determine exactly what species of algae is present in the tank as the type of algae is strongly correlated to the cause. Close up photographs would help a lot. As mentioned by other posters, in planted tanks, NO3 and PO4 do not cause algae, but are used...
  25. ceg4048

    Toby's Urea Fertilizer?

    Perhaps you're overlooking the fact that the NH4 can be turned into NH3 if the pH rises above neutral where fauna are susceptible to toxicity. The article you reference involves a species adapted to withstand high levels of the toxin whereas we cannot automatically conclude that the same can be...
  26. ceg4048

    Potassium in Equilibrium

    Hi Libba, The term "potash" refers to any salt of potassium. So this could be Potassium Carbonate, Potassium Sulfate, Potassium Nitrate and many others. Without knowing which Potassium salt is included an exact concentration cannot be calculated. I've not heard of any...
  27. ceg4048

    Brown fuzzy algae, unhealthy plants and dosing questions

    Yes, I know. It's very difficult to compare tanks because no one knows how much PAR is entering the tank. That is THE most important parameter, because it drives the demand for everything else, but, due to cost, few people have a PAR meter, so it's impossible to draw meaningful conclusions...
  28. ceg4048

    How to achieve red plants? Lean or EI!

    As mentioned above, get plants that display red naturally and which do not require starvation tactics. Alternanthera is an excellent example of a red plant that does not require tricks, and the more you feed it the more it turns red. Cheers,
  29. ceg4048

    Brown fuzzy algae, unhealthy plants and dosing questions

    Hi, I would be lying to you if I were to provide a number. Fixing the timing is one of the corrections we can make to our CO2 technique, however, typically we see a decrease in the rate at which the leaves turn translucent within a few days. It would be a good idea to remove as many of the...
  30. ceg4048

    Nitrate Starvation, Red Colouration promotion

    Hi Mohamed, Nitrogen uptake and assimilation are tricky. On one hand, the N that is bound in NH3/NH4 is very easy for plants to use and is more abundant per unit weight. For example, NH4 by weight is mostly N since the Hydrogen (H) is the lightest element. In NH4 78% of that...
  31. ceg4048

    Nitrate Starvation, Red Colouration promotion

    NO3 deficiency does not genetically deactivate chlorophyll production. Shortages of Nitrogen simply prevents the plant from producing sufficient quantities of the chlorophyll molecule as the molecule is constructed around a Nitrogen-Magnesium chlorophyll ring. The enzymes and the precursors that...
  32. ceg4048

    Brown fuzzy algae, unhealthy plants and dosing questions

    Without a PAR meter no one really has any idea whether a given light is too much or within acceptable range. What we do know however is that the leaves show signs of distress. That means one has to at least consider the possibility. It's when we ignore the possibility that we get into trouble...
  33. ceg4048

    Brown fuzzy algae, unhealthy plants and dosing questions

    Hi, Actually, it is most definitely diatomic algae. There are over 10,000 species of diatoms. The rule of thumb is that the DC should be lime green by the time the light are turned on. May wish to consider turning the gas on earlier. Photo #3 shows translucency in the leaves, which is a sign...
  34. ceg4048

    Nutrients dosage after green water algae ?

    Yes. Never. Despite the fact that you are adding CO2 these photos indicate the plants are actually suffering CO2 deficiency. All of the photos show leaves which are translucent. I can also see some plants with stems decayed and the remaining tips are brown. This is always an indication of poor...
  35. ceg4048

    How to mix EI salt solution for low tech/What doesn't mix well with other chemicals?

    LOL I'm always sneaking up on folks. I used to work for the CIA. :cool: Yeah, people don't seem to realize that when you add CO2 the metabolism of plants increase by a maximum of about 10 fold. In a low tech environment the uptake rate is so much slower and the growth rate is so much due to the...
  36. ceg4048

    How to mix EI salt solution for low tech/What doesn't mix well with other chemicals?

    Hello, I agree with Andy. Low tech tanks, i.e., no gas and no Excel, really do not need EI levels of nutrition. So you only need to dose a fractional amount once a week or so. EI assumes the tanks has high lighting and fuel injection. Barr's non-Co2 method is as follows: Assuming 80-90%...
  37. ceg4048

    Ca:Mg:K Ratio

    Hi, the answer is yes, complete guesswork, sadly. No. The science is relevant to terrestrial plants, not to aquatic plants. No. Firstly there are very few valid test kits and this would not be the method to determine the consumption. Even if it were possible, the consumption rate for different...
  38. ceg4048

    Toby's Urea Fertilizer?

    Hi Hoggie, Yeah, sure, there is always a benefit in dosing Urea as plants can more easily and efficiently uptake the NH4 than they can NO3. I believe Toby's recipe uses both and that's wise. So you should see better growth and performance than using NO3 alone, however, yes there...
  39. ceg4048

    EI Rest Day

    Hello Geraint, As Zeus mentions it really doesn't matter one way or the other. The six days that you dose pushes the concentration level high enough to satisfy the plants needs. EI is about economics. I think people gloss over this point. AS you mention, if you'll do a...
  40. ceg4048

    EI Dosing Levels

    Hi Fluke, Concentration of any solute (say sugar, for example) in a solvent (say water) actually has the effect of exerting pressure on the walls of the container in the same way that the solvent itself exerts pressure against the walls (or against any object in the water). When...
  41. ceg4048

    EI Dosing Levels

    Hello, EI does not care how many plants are in the tank. This is another myth of whose origin is unknown. The concentration goal is to account for the lighting levels, to ensure nutrition is non-limiting, and a side benefit is to produce a nutrient partial pressure which assists in...
  42. ceg4048

    Terrestrial plant fertiliser

    There are in fact some commercial aquarium fertilizers that do exactly this. Of course they are watered down significantly to the point of which they sometimes are not economical. On the other hand, the home grown mixes popular with the EI dosing scheme, work well, are non-toxic and are cheaper...
  43. ceg4048

    Very hard water EI Dosing

    Yes, I also though the damage looked awfully suspicious and it may still be a combination of CO2 shortfall and predation as the fish find it easier to pick apart as the tissues decay. In any case plecs are not going to be the reason for the GSA. There seems to be tissue decay at areas just...
  44. ceg4048

    Very hard water EI Dosing

    Hello Richard, Yes, I understand that the trigons are particularly difficult shapes to diffuse CO2 properly in and that is an even bigger reason to suspect a CO2 shortfall. There are so many ways in which CO2 can be faulty, distribution method certainly being a top...
  45. ceg4048

    EI with new soil

    Hello, Start at any percentage level that is most convenient for you. Whether you start 100% early or late will make no difference in the long run.
  46. ceg4048

    CaSO4 sources, what am I getting?

    Hello, You can use any grade you can find. The tank inhabitants do not really care. MgSO4 is simply Epsom's Salts, which you can find in any pharmacy. I see no need to obsess over "purity". This only forces you to pay more money than necessary. Also, you should have a look at the water...
  47. ceg4048

    Is There Anything Called Hormone Fertilizer?

    Hello, There are some companies which advertise that their fertilizers contain hormones, and that supposedly, these hormones improve aquatic plant growth. These claims are all false and they rely on the practice of using hormones to improve root growth, for example in terrestrial plants...
  48. ceg4048

    Help for dosing a low tech setup

    Hi, If you're using a commercial product such as Tropica and if you are NOT injecting CO2 then just dose per bottle recommendation. The difficulty in this tank will arise due to CO2 shortages, not due to nutrient issues. Low CO2 means a low requirement for nutrients and low requirement for...
  49. ceg4048

    Very hard water EI Dosing

    Yes, these are famous last words. In fact, these two items are exactly what you should worry about. The tank "probably" has too much light and the CO2 application is "probably" in need of a revision. Hard water will have nothing to do with the problem, so worrying about things like Fe and...
  50. ceg4048

    Why exactly do we dose EI on alternate days? . . .

    The answer to this question is exactly as stated by sparkyweasel in post #5. Yes, it is true that Fe and PO4 reactions "can" occur in some tanks, especially if the water is hard (one will observe the precipitation of Iron Phosphate), however, you "can" get away with dosing both on the same day...
  51. ceg4048

    Why do commercial GH boosters have such high K?

    Hello, The addition of K2SO4 is unnecessary to raise General Hardness, as I'm sure you're aware. Tom Barr adds it simply to help those who, for example do not use EI fertilizers, the main components of which are KNO3 and KH2PO4. If these main components are not used, in the dosing...
  52. ceg4048


    Hello, I agree with the others that this is a good product when used as mentioned by Zeus. FYI CSM+B no longer exists as a branded product. It was simply chosen as a cheap hydroponic product alternative to the hideously expensive boutique fertilizer brand of the day (30 years or so ago). Any...
  53. ceg4048

    Types of FE, chelated? edta? dpta?

    Hello, This is one of those situations where we make life more complicated for ourselves with very little to show for it. Iron is a micronutrient, which means the plant only needs microscopic amounts of iron. About one hour after you have dosed iron, the plant has already taken up it's...
  54. ceg4048

    Dry Start Fert Dosing?

    Hi, I agree with the others. In terrestrial mode there is no advantage in misting with fertilizer and indeed the risk of burning is high depending on the composition of the fertilizer. Keep it simple. Flooding the tank is when your real problems will start. The tank looks good to me as is...
  55. ceg4048

    Is Tropica Premium Nutrition chelated or salts?

    Yes this is really odd because a member based in Holland had asked for some help regarding this. Perhaps the rules are that you must furnish the data to the governing body but that it was not necessary to list them on the label. Cheers,
  56. ceg4048

    Is Tropica Premium Nutrition chelated or salts?

    No, its based on the past history of vendors who refrain from listing their contents. This is why I used the modifier "typically". It's also been our experience that when vendors refrain from listing their active ingredients, it's "typically" because the ingredients are easily obtainable and...
  57. ceg4048

    Is Tropica Premium Nutrition chelated or salts?

    Hello, Typically, the macro mix (so called Specialized Nutrition) Nitrogen is supplied via combination of simple salts such as KNO3, NH4NO3 and/or Urea.The micronutrient mix are typically chelated and the mix is typically acidified using citric or ascorbic because these are cheaper...
  58. ceg4048

    Daily vs Weekly dosing & water changes

    Hi, It's very difficult to provide a concrete answer because first of all, no one truly knows the composition of your water. It would require very expensive equipment to determine. Unless you are replacing the removed water with RO it could easily be that your water addition is adding...
  59. ceg4048

    Reeflowers All Inclusive Ferts Help

    Hello, Without knowing the contents of the product, it is impossible to know how much or how often to dose. Suggest you contact the vendor (or review the bottle contents if available) to determine what exactly is in this product. Cheers,
  60. ceg4048

    Is this ok for an all in one mix

    Hi, I agree with Darrel. If you know what you are doing then nutrient mixes using NH4/NH3 are very effective. If you are asking the question however, then you most likely are not familiar enough and should avoid NH4/NH3 due to toxicity. As mentioned, use any Potassium Nitrate containing...
  61. ceg4048

    Ferts & TDS

    Hi AWB, As I mentioned, the graph cannot isolate how much decline is due to nutrient uptake and how much rise is due to substances introduced into the water column. Nutrients are also pulled from the substrate as well as the water column and the substrate itself binds some...
  62. ceg4048

    Ferts & TDS

    This is really an unnecessary complication. Just dose regularly and carry on. You'll never be able to tell when plants need a dosing just from the TDS. If you are waiting for a color change then by the time the change has occurred then it is already too late and the plant is suffering a nutrient...
  63. ceg4048

    Ferts dosing

    Hi, As usual, this is a CO2 issue and has nothing to do with nutrients. As mentioned by Zeus and Ian, lights, flow and CO2 need to be addressed. Cheers,
  64. ceg4048

    Potassium deficiency?

    Hi, I'll have to disagree with Darryl here. Potassium deficiencies are rare and these symptoms would be the right symptoms if this was terrestrial growth. If these symptoms appeared during submerged growth then it is more likely to be a CO2 issue. Cheers,
  65. ceg4048

    Dry salts for micro mix

    Hello, You can purchase these salts at any garden center or at any agricultural facility in your country. EI mixes were originally developed from simple, commonly available farming/horticultural products. The only thing you have to ensure is that you avoid any product containing...
  66. ceg4048

    Dosing E.I macro after water change

    As mentioned by the other posters, this is never something you'll ever need to worry about. Dose any nutrient mix at any time and simply carry on. The nutrient level introduced by EI is at such a high level that any losses are negligible. Cheers,
  67. ceg4048

    Slow plant growth in high tech aquarium.

    Yes, most likely culprit is poor flow/distribution. Have you followed the 10X rule? Have you experimented with various filter outlet orientations? This is a pretty good indication that you'll not easily solve the problem by adding more light. If you had enough light to grow algae then you...
  68. ceg4048

    Leaving out GH Booster from EI dosing

    Well, some may blame the symptoms of Mg deficiency on EI, that certainly happens, however, using an EI dosing strategy does not guarantee overall success. Hobbyists fail every day and just because they lay blame at the feet of some factor it does not mean that that factor is the culprit. There...
  69. ceg4048

    Why sulphates?

    As Darrel mentions, you can just carry on adding the MG that you are adding and at some point, try deleting the addition. Mg is also a micro nutrient so you only need microscopic amounts. Epsom salt is most useful for RO and soft water homes when the Mg content is virtually absent. Well in...
  70. ceg4048

    Why sulphates?

    You cannot determine the level of CO2 in the tank based on the pH-KH-CO2 charts, so there is no point even worrying about that issue. There is no point in adding KH just for the sake of KH. As noted one only needs to increase the alkalinity in order to be able to measure pH. A KH of 4 is all one...
  71. ceg4048

    Leaving out GH Booster from EI dosing

    Just to clarify: This statement is also not entirely accurate. EI never addressed Mg or Ca deficiencies - ONLY NPK and the traces typically found in CSM+B. EI does not address CO2 either, nor does it address Calcium or alkalinity. Soft water, hard water....these are all issue that have to be...
  72. ceg4048

    Mix different NPK Fertilizers?

    Yes, I'm familiar with these leaner methods and hobbyists using these methods have just as many problems as everyone else. These techniques were developed and are born out of the fear of nutrients. The ratios they cling to are completely irrelevant and have zero impact on plant growth and...
  73. ceg4048

    Mix different NPK Fertilizers?

    Hello, TNC Complete has more than enough Potassium. I see no point in adding more K as you will never see any difference in performance. If you wanted to add more K then just add more TNC Complete. Why add more complication? Cheers,
  74. ceg4048

    Leaving out GH Booster from EI dosing

    No there is no harm. You never have to worry about adding too much, however, as stated by other posters, if you are reconstituting RO from your tap, and if your tap is already rich in Calcium and Magnesium then there is little point. Ca and Mg just have to be present in the water to be...
  75. ceg4048

    Ferts, other nitrate salts

    Hi Mohamed, None of these products are ideal for fish, however the best choice for Nitrogen, of the ones you listed is the Urea. The toxicity is much more likely to occur if the pH of your tank water is 7 or higher. You also did not mention if your tank is CO2 injected or...
  76. ceg4048

    Ferts, other nitrate salts

    Hello, It's very unfortunate that there is a restriction. There are alternate compounds that will work, such as fertilizers containing Urea and ammonia, but you have to be VERY careful when using these types of product. Misunderstanding or careless use can result in algal blooms and...
  77. ceg4048

    Switching to salts, low tech and fish....

    This is another convoluted misconception perpetuated primarily by Nitrate test kit vendors. They want you to be afraid of Nitrates so that you will buy more of their silly kits. Fish breeders and Discus fanatics took up the baton years ago and have run with it since. So now everyone is...
  78. ceg4048

    Switching to salts, low tech and fish....

    I don't know why people misconstrue this concept so readily. This is not what EI says. EI says to use an amount of nutrition that will never result in malnutrition. It's that simple. Moses did not descend from the mountaintop pre-ordaining that everyone should use any specific values. The...
  79. ceg4048

    Hoagland solution as an alternative to EI dosing

    Hi No, generally there should be no advantage, however, it can often be the case that the flow/distribution in the tank is poor and using higher amounts than the standard EI recipe may yield an improvement simply because the target concentrations are not actually being "seen" by the plants...
  80. ceg4048

    How important are sulfates?

    These seem normal to me, especially if symptoms are not evident on the other plants in the tank. As well as spectral effect from your lights there are a variety of reasons as mentioned in https://www.ukaps.org/forum/threads/tips-of-red-plants-are-turning-green.49690/#post-512104 Cheers,
  81. ceg4048

    How important are sulfates?

    Yes, definitely. Sulfate deficiency is virtually unheard of. Well, this is novel. Normally folks complain about too much green and not enough of the other colors. Micronutrient troubleshooting always has to start with determining whether the symptoms appear in the new leaves or the mature...
  82. ceg4048

    How important are sulfates?

    Hello, Sulfur, found in the form of sulfate ion (SO4-) is a micronutrient and is used in the production of Amino Acids as well as Chlorophyll. Nitrogen utilization is aided by Sulfur. If you are using tap water to any extent then there is more than enough of SO4 compounds in the water...
  83. ceg4048

    Do I need to add ferts with liquid co2

    Hi Jezmond, Well, keep in mind that humans are not very good at seeing blue or red, so sometimes, when you look at a light source, it may not appear to be all that bright, but if there is a fair amount of blue, indigo and violet, then the total energy may be higher than you'd...
  84. ceg4048

    Do I need to add ferts with liquid co2

    Hi Jesmond, Well, you did water changes, added a new filter, used the TNC regularly, the tank has had an extra 5 weeks to mature and so forth. I'm not sure I would credit the extra 2 hours of light for the improvement. I suppose you could remove the two hours of extra lighting...
  85. ceg4048

    I’d like to pick someone’s brains re EI please

    Hello, I've moved this thread to the Fert Dosing section as this is neither EI natrual or Low tech. Regarding your question GSA has nothing to do with Nitrate shortages. It is strictly a PO4/CO2 issue. You are correct that we strongly advise against testing and this is exactly why...
  86. ceg4048

    Leaving out GH Booster from EI dosing

    Hello, EI has nothing to do with GH or with GH Booster. GH Booster is an adjunct to the dosing scheme and is to be used at the discretion of the hobbyist. Cheers,
  87. ceg4048

    Nutrients don't cause algae - should I always dose max EI ?

    Yes, Seachem Equilibrium contains a small amount of Magnesium so additional supplementation will not be necessary. Cheers,
  88. ceg4048

    ferts from start

    Hi Fred, Apart from nutrient paranoia, as Tim mentions, if you start the tank with a new batch of highly enriched sediment, such as ADA Amazonia then there is no pressing reason to dose from Day 1. The Amazonia is so rich in nutrients that it leaches them into the water column, so...
  89. ceg4048

    ferts from start

    Hi Fred, No, 1-2 Grow plants are not zombies from another world or anything like that. They are just tissue samples taken from regular plants, which are then cleaned, sterilized and propagated in a Petri dish. The advantage is that because they are grown in sterilized condition...
  90. ceg4048

    ferts from start

    Hi, I think you are overthinking it. 1-2 Grow plants are no different than any other so they do not require any special procedure. Dose at whatever level and frequency that you find convenient. Start the dosing whenever you want. The plants really will not care. Cheers,
  91. ceg4048

    Are AquariumPlantFoods recommended EI dosages sufficient?

    Exactly. Fretting about numbers when dosing nutrition is the worst mistake you can make. The reason we use a number like 20 ppm is because it's an easier number than 17.7 ppm, which is is not only a ridiculously awkward number, but will also never improve chances of success compared to numbers...
  92. ceg4048

    Using dry ferts help

    Hi, New growth is always a good thing and if they mature normally then it means CO2 is OK. If you are not injecting gas then leaving the airstone on 24/7 is fine. Should be OK theoretically, but again, it depends on whether you have too much light or not. Cheers,
  93. ceg4048

    Using dry ferts help

    This is a CO2 and possibly an Oxygen related issue. When you move a plant from one tank to another, the second tank may not have as much dissolved CO2 so it will take a few weeks for the plant to make an adjustment to the new CO2 levels. During that time you may have some leaf die off. Try...
  94. ceg4048

    Using dry ferts help

    Yes, a very wise decision. Since you haven't mentioned anything about CO2 it's completely unclear at this point whether you are using gaseous CO2, or using a liquid carbon product, or whether this is a low tech tank. Carbon enrichment is a completely different ball game, so the procedures and...
  95. ceg4048

    Using dry ferts help

    Hi, Well of course. There aren't any plants that cannot be grown with this combination. It's not how much light you have that determines success. It's how well you are able to provide good flow and distribution. Saying that you have good flow around the tank is easy. Actually having good...
  96. ceg4048

    Do I need to add ferts with liquid co2

    Well, can an addict just stop using narcotics cold turkey? What is the likely result? If you want to wean your plants off of CO2 you had better do it very gradually, reduce the dosing by 10% or so every few weeks. New leaves that appear will be accustomed to the new lower concentration. You can...
  97. ceg4048

    Using dry ferts help

    Thinking that you need more light is the path to disaster. You are advised to stick with the lighting that you have and hope that you don't already have too much. Light causes algae. Too much light causes too much algae. Concentrate your energy on ensuring good flow rate, good distribution of...
  98. ceg4048

    Do I need to add ferts with liquid co2

    Well, there is no metric other than the observation that the CO2 related algae is arrested and that there are no other CO2 related faults apparent. The list of CO2 related faults is very long due to the fact that a large percentage of the dry mass of the plant is Carbon. I mean, that why logs...
  99. ceg4048

    Do I need to add ferts with liquid co2

    People say this all the time, and it just isn't true. Test kits are the worst thing for a beginner because they program the beginner to think that the test kit knows more than they do. You do not need a test kit to cycle a tank, especially a planted tank. Just wait 6 weeks or more and the tank...
  100. ceg4048

    Do I need to add ferts with liquid co2

    As I'm sure you realize, test kit readings are not a reliable source of information. They really are a waste of money and I strongly advise to abandon them because they will always lead you astray. In any case it takes a lot longer to get out of trouble than it does to get into trouble. We...