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  1. dw1305

    Bugs you might encounter in your aquarium

    Hi all, I'm not at all sure. Makes them sound like Crangonyx pseudogracilis. You need to look at their <"urosome"> for a definitive ID. I think the spikes on the urosome make <"Hyalella azteca"> a likely ID (from @Ash_bash's link). By Scott Bauer - This image is uploaded as image number...
  2. dw1305

    Good to E-meet you

    Hi all, I'm not too bothered <"about aesthetics">, but I can see your problem. You could try Floating Fern (<"Salvinia "auriculata" group">)? It doesn't have a long root like Amazon Frogbit (Limnobium laevigatum) or Pistia stratiotes (Nile Cabbage). cheers Darrel
  3. dw1305

    DOOA Maru Slice Of Nature

    Hi all, Yes it just needs to be soft water, it doesn't matter where it came from, or how it was deionised. cheers Darrel
  4. dw1305

    Orcas spotted swimming off the coast of Cornwall

    Hi all, It goes <"back to the 1930's"> but they were already in decline because of the demise of the Herring shoals. cheers Darrel
  5. dw1305

    Garden Plant ID's. Post here!

    Hi all, It was in the garden when we moved in (26 years ago) I've never re-sowed it and it still comes up, <"and in a range of colours">. The only disadvantage is that you can't transplant the growing seedlings unless, they are really tiny. You can see some pale and mid blue ones, but I also...
  6. dw1305

    DOOA Maru Slice Of Nature

    Hi all, Yes, absolutely fine. cheers Darrel
  7. dw1305

    Journal My First Terrarium

    Hi all, You need another home office to actually do some work in, because that one is going to be much too distracting. Why not go the whole hog and have some <"leaf cutter ants as well?">. cheers Darrel
  8. dw1305

    Good to E-meet you

    Hi all, Reduce the <"light intensity a bit">. I like a floating plant as "net curtain". Because the "green algae" have the same <"basic physiology and photosynthetic pigments"> as all the mosses, liverworts, ferns and higher plants it just means that you've created suitable conditions for...
  9. dw1305

    Recommendations for a small leafed lotus/lily . . .

    Hi all, I think @Mick.Dk said that if you grow them low tech. and pinch off all the leaves before they become floating eventually they will dwindle away all together. Mine (in a 60 cmx 30 cm aquarium) recently <"died after ~12 years">, but I just maintained it as <"three floating leaves"> and...
  10. dw1305

    what is this green and pink plant?

    Hi all, Unfortunately it has been a <"long running thread on this forum">. If you search for Dracaena, Cordyline, Fittonia, Hemigraphis, <"Ophiopogon"> or Selaginella etc. you will <"find lots of threads">. cheers Darrel
  11. dw1305

    Garden Plant ID's. Post here!

    Hi all, It might have been Echium plantagineum "Blue Bedder" or similar, you can't tell from just the flower. <"Echium vulgare 'Blue Bedder' | viper's bugloss 'Blue Bedder'/RHS Gardening"> cheers Darrel
  12. dw1305

    Garden Plant ID's. Post here!

    Hi all, The Echium used to grow in the "gravel garden" (front, centre), but looking back at the photos, not since 2007. Most of the Comfreys, Forget-me-nots etc. have gone since then, possibly as a result of being eaten by the Scarlet Tiger Moth caterpillars. cheers Darrel
  13. dw1305

    Garden Plant ID's. Post here!

    Hi all, Episyrphus balteatus https://www.naturespot.org.uk/species/marmalade-hoverfly cheers Darrel
  14. dw1305

    Garden Plant ID's. Post here!

    Hi all, It is an Echium sp. and probably <"Echium vulgare"> ("Viper's Bugloss"). cheers Darrel
  15. dw1305

    New Member

    Hi all, Well done, definitely looking good. cheers Darrel
  16. dw1305

    Algae Problems

    Hi all, Welcome, agreed it doesn't look great. You definitely look to have some plant health issues, often these relate to one of more of the essential plant nutrients. Plant growth is like <"a car assembly line">, if you have one nutrient ("component") missing you don't get plant growth ("a...
  17. dw1305

    Garden Plant ID's. Post here!

    Hi all, Your suspicion is right, more Willows (Salix sp.). cheers Darrel
  18. dw1305

    Chilli Rasbora fry!!

    Hi all, Blackworms (Lumbriculus variegatus) <"are brilliant"> for <"conditioning Corydoras">. cheers Darrel
  19. dw1305

    Old hydroponics ferts for aquarium use?

    Hi all, Unfortunately the bit you need to decide whether it aquarium safe is missing from the label, and it is how much of the total nitrogen (N) comprises ammonia. I'd probably save them for the garden/house plants. cheers Darrel
  20. dw1305

    Chilli Rasbora fry!!

    Hi all, Same with a lot of the <"L numbers">, people condition them, and then they wait for a low pressure system and do a large water change with softer water. This often gets them going. cheers Darrel
  21. dw1305

    Plant ID

    Hi all, It might be Lagarosiphon major, you need to look at <"how many leaves are in any leaf whorl"> . A lot of these pond weeds are very similar. cheers Darrel
  22. dw1305

    Epsom salts

    Hi all, Whatever it says on the bag it will <"only be ~10% Mg"> when you use it, because of Marcel's (@zozo ) <"water of crystallization">. cheers Darrel
  23. dw1305

    Pygmy rasbora in bright aquascape

    Hi all, Can you get Nile Cabbage (Pistia stratiotes)? Also have a look at @Dr Mike Oxgreen's <"Rasbora thread">. cheers Darrel
  24. dw1305

    Planted aquarium: fishless cycle before planting or cycle with plants?

    Hi all, @Cor has used this method. If I started with an ammonia rich substrate I'd still carry out water changes, even with a dark start, because there isn't any advantage to having a microbial assemblage that was produced under higher ammonia loadings that you are ever going to have when the...
  25. dw1305

    Planted aquarium: fishless cycle before planting or cycle with plants?

    Hi all, The simple answer is that once you have a reasonable biomass of plants in active growth you can actually add more fish to the tank than you could if the tank was reliant on "microbe only" nitrification in the filter. Plants are net oxygen producers and it is oxygen (not ammonia) that...
  26. dw1305

    Planted aquarium: fishless cycle before planting or cycle with plants?

    Hi all, Welcome to the forum. It is an interesting question. Yes, option 2. , the "plant and wait" method, just has a much higher probability of long term success. This is the heart of it, recent scientific advances in identifying the nitrifying organisms that occur in aquarium filters have...
  27. dw1305

    Gruppy grass in tubs of water

    Hi all, It is actually better of tap water, it likes hard water (Bristol has hard tap water). You'll also need <"to feed it">. A cheap fertiliser option is <"Miracle Gro">. cheers Darrel
  28. dw1305

    Newbie confused by KH/pH reading vs. drop checker vs. .....?

    Hi all, It is quite a confusing subject. I'll start but some-one, who knows what they are talking about, will probably add some content to correct any bits that aren't quite right. I'm <"not a CO2 user">, but you <"need to use the drop checker"> colour as your indication of your CO2 level...
  29. dw1305

    Alternative to Seachem Equilibrium ?

    Hi all, Perfect. They are CaCl2.2H2O and MgSO4.7H2O, whatever they say on the labels. cheers Darrel
  30. dw1305

    Holes in leafs

    Hi all, That sounds like it is damage as the leaf starts to expand and definitely nothing to worry about. cheers Darrel
  31. dw1305

    Holes in leafs

    Hi all, I think it might be mechanical damage, it occurs as the new leaf unrolls, and could just be from the sharp edge of a grain of grit etc. I think this partially because the plants look pretty healthy. I don't think so, mainly because the holes don't look ragged and they look like they...
  32. dw1305

    Tank in front of radiator

    Hi all, Dual usage, <"light diffuser"> and radiator insulation. cheers Darrel
  33. dw1305

    Creepy Hollow

    Hi all, I think <"they are useful"> for giving a conductivity (TDS) <"datum range you can use a baseline">. The <"other advantage"> is that even a cheap low range meter (~£50) will give you an accurate reading and doesn't continually <"need re-calibrating">. cheers Darrel
  34. dw1305

    Alternative to Seachem Equilibrium ?

    Hi all, I'm <"pretty slap-dash in my approach">, but in this case I think you really don't need to be any more precise than "a teaspoon", whether it is 50 or 70 liters. cheers Darrel
  35. dw1305

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    Hi all, I think it is because Cladocerans (Daphnia, Moinia etc) filter particles from the water column by size, so very small individuals will get extra Bacteria, Rotifers & Protozoa etc generated by the worm culture. I think the same applies to keeping a Ramshorn snail with the culture, as...
  36. dw1305

    DOOA Maru Slice Of Nature

    Hi all, I guess that will supply enough nutrients. cheers Darrel
  37. dw1305

    kH or no kH that is the question....?

    Hi all, Do you know <"Peter Clarke?> He owns "Apisto Aquatics" in Chesterfield. He would be the ideal person to talk to. You can find him on the <"UK Apistogramma keeper/breeders"> facebook page. cheers Darrel
  38. dw1305

    Green rain water?

    Hi all, You can have a fish around in the butt with a fine mesh aquarium net, ideally you want to swirl it around in a "figure of eight" pattern, but I just look at the water I've drawn off normally. I recycle 6 pint milk cartons, so the Daphnia are easy to see by peering through the bottle...
  39. dw1305

    dennerle deponitmix overdose?

    Hi all, I wouldn't re-start it, but I would add some <"temporary stems">, as suggested by the other posters. I'm a floating plant (<"Amazon Frogbit really) obsessive"> so I would keep an eye on the floating plant, you need to look at <"leaf colour, leaf size and growth rate">. The great...
  40. dw1305

    kH or no kH that is the question....?

    Hi all, The pH won't ever be stable in <"really soft water">, it isn't a problem. As soon as I found out that aquascapers who add CO2 have a drop of one pH unit before "lights on" and a rapid rise of one pH unit at "lights out" with healthy fish, you know that pH fluctuation isn't the issue...
  41. dw1305

    Struggling to clean filters

    Hi all, I think a lot of the dire warnings about chlorine (Cl2) <"come from the USA">, where they don't have any effective environmental legislation and the water companies can put 10x more chlorine in the water, rather than actually attempting to supply water that is fit to drink. cheers Darrel
  42. dw1305

    Does fertilizer put ammonia into the water.

    Hi all, Yes, don't worry. That is the <"bit that matters">. Ammonia (NH3) is really toxic, which is why we need to reduce its level as rapidly as possible, it doesn't matter how we get there. The good news is that plants are very effective in reducing the level of ammonia, and there are four...
  43. dw1305

    Garden Plant ID's. Post here!

    Hi all, No, they aren't, but that definitely looks like a Salix (you can see stipules at the leaf base, <"important for identifying willows">) and most likely S. cinerea or S. caprea. <"Salix pentandra"> is the most evergreen of them. I think some-one must be joking, they grow like cress...
  44. dw1305

    Does fertilizer put ammonia into the water.

    Hi all, The ammonia reading is caused by "Prime", due to the way it combines with ammonia to form non-toxic compounds. Have a look at the <"linked thread">. That is the bit that matters. cheers Darrel
  45. dw1305

    Does fertilizer put ammonia into the water.

    Hi all, Do you use <"Prime"> as your water conditioner? cheers Darrel
  46. dw1305

    Inline heaters

    Hi all, Quite a few of us still prefer a <"spirit glass thermometer">. The don't have any moving parts. cheers Darrel
  47. dw1305

    Creepy Hollow

    Hi all, She didn't have a suitable cave (or didn't like the look of the ones you've provided). The like caves with a very narrow entrance, too small for the male to physically enter the cave and low down near the substrate so that they can block the hole up even further. I Like half...
  48. dw1305

    Pest Snail how to get rid of

    Hi all, I've been contemplating a tank with <"harder water"> to allow me to keep Sulawesi snails (Tylomelania spp.), Theodoxus fluviatilis, Faunus ater etc. If you have shrimps, I think snails are a no-brainer as tank mates. cheers Darrel
  49. dw1305

    Pest Snail how to get rid of

    Hi all, I'm a snail fan as well, you can always reduce their number via baiting and a snail trap. I'd be very wary of any chemical methods that claims to kill "all snails", because they range in their susceptibility from "drops dead if anything is slightly wrong" to "likely to survive in nearly...
  50. dw1305

    Struggling to clean filters

    Hi all, Run them under the cold tap. If you are worried about chlorine just give them a dip in the bucket + Prime at the end. cheers Darrel
  51. dw1305

    Alternative to Seachem Equilibrium ?

    Hi all, That one. You just need the salts "calcium chloride" (CaCl2.2H2O) and "Epsom salts" (MgSO4.7H2O). They are both cheap to buy because they have food/health/marine aquarium usages. I'd add ~5g (a teaspoon) of each compound to 50 litres of water to give you ~6dGH and 2 : 1 Ca : Mg...
  52. dw1305

    DOOA Maru Slice Of Nature

    Hi all, Probably a very dilute solution <"based on urea"> (CO(NH2)2), it is less likely to cause leaf scorch, as long as it has a <"low biuret content">. The advantage is that it isn't an ion like NH4+ or NO3- and that makes it less likely to cause leach scorch as it isn't "salty". cheers Darrel
  53. dw1305

    Garden Plant ID's. Post here!

    Hi all, Willow (Salix sp.)? The photo is slightly out of focus. They are, but that definitely has alternate shoots (and buds), so I'm pretty sure it isn't a Fuchsia. I was wondering about that one. cheers Darrel
  54. dw1305

    Species identification help..

    Hi all, They are nice, it looks like your female is in spawning colours in the second photo. @shangman has just raised some fry from hers. They are definitely the "Rostrich" form of Apistogramma macmasteri. Have a look at <"Apistogramma Forums: macmasteri or viejita">. I'd guess that it is...
  55. dw1305

    Going filterless?

    Hi all, We have a threads from @Bart Hazes, a <"Dutch / Canadian scientist"> who tried <"strict Walstad no filter tanks">. Unfortunately he doesn't post on the forum any more (and his blog pages have disappeared) so I don't know how he got on long term. Same for me. cheers Darrel
  56. dw1305

    Going filterless?

    Hi all, I'm naturally cautious and I'd go down that route as well. Keep a filter, but with a pre-filter sponge, <"ideally a pretty large one">. You don't need the turnover of a huge filter, if you a gyre etc., so the canister filter can be relatively moderately sized. cheers Darrel
  57. dw1305

    Starting a Fishless Cycle - Am I too late?

    Hi all, That is one of the advantages of <"plant and wait">. You just need to watch the plants. If you have a floating, or emergent, plant it isn't limited by CO2 availability (it has access to aerial CO2) and it can respond to any change in ammonia levels. Some people just use a floating...
  58. dw1305

    Alternative nitrate solutions

    Hi all, They are fine, every NO3- ion is the same as every other, it doesn't matter which compound they came from. Calcium nitrate (Ca(NO3)2.4H2O) is OK if <"you dose it separately">, but causes problems in "all in one" mixes because of the <"limited solubility of calcium compounds">. Have a...
  59. dw1305

    Starting a Fishless Cycle - Am I too late?

    Hi all, You don't need an ammonia source to start cycling, in fact it may actually delay the development of an appropriate microbial assemblage in a planted tank. Have a look at the linked threads in <"My new Oasis......">. No, there isn't just a chance that the plants are consuming the...
  60. dw1305

    What school of fish to finish off my tank?

    Hi all, <"On this forum">. cheers Darrel
  61. dw1305

    My new Oase 175 Styline

    Hi all, Point your sister's friend towards <"Dr Timothy Hovanec's comments about Bacterial supplements">. It leads on from the <"Bacteria in a bottle"> thread. "Cycling" is a <"really divisive subject">. Yes, that is the one. <"Plant/microbe" biofiltration"> is much more efficient than...
  62. dw1305

    Recommend/ Why hasn't anyone done a comprehensive video about all the chemistry of a planted tank?

    Hi all, <"Aquarium Science"> is an interesting one. I think he is very good on what you require to keep Rift Lake Cichlids in non-planted tanks, but when he strays away from "hard water/no plants" things begin to break down a bit. What I like about both Aquarium Science and the <"Ecology of...
  63. dw1305

    Which filter can reduce KH?

    Hi all, That is right. There is more of a discussion in <"Household water softener">. You've actually swapped two potassium (K+) ions for each calcium (Ca++) ion, so it won't improve things. cheers Darrel
  64. dw1305

    Recommend/ Why hasn't anyone done a comprehensive video about all the chemistry of a planted tank?

    Hi all, And no orcs. Possibly the answer might be a video game rather than a video? "Quest for the planted tank" or "Prisoner of algae". I think that is the issue, probably too many variables and not one single answer to rule them all. cheers Darrel
  65. dw1305

    New to Led lighting and control box’s

    Hi all, If they are dimmable 240V LED lamps (GU10) you can add in a <"manual "trailing edge" dimmer switch"> (like you use for house lights). Marcel @zozo is the man for this sort of thing. cheers Darrel
  66. dw1305

    What school of fish to finish off my tank?

    Hi all, <"Threadfin Rainbow"> (Iriatherina werneri)? They would be more expensive than Tetras, but they are very peaceful and you would only need 5 or 6, if you <"could get both sexes">. cheers Darrel
  67. dw1305

    My new Oase 175 Styline

    Hi all, Unfortunately that should have been Tadpole Snail (Physella acuta). I tried keeping Triops longicaudatus when the kids were little (some-one bought them a kit). It didn't go very well, because they are cannabilistic and their numbers rapidly thinned. The shrimp diet was obviously good...
  68. dw1305

    My new Oase 175 Styline

    Hi all, You are welcome. I think there is a lot of "froth" (or "<difference of opinion>") talked about what is <"important in fish keeping">. For me the <"important bits"> (<"the coffee, not the froth">) are: Have plenty of actively growing plants. Have <"plenty of oxygen">. Feed you fish a...
  69. dw1305

    My new Oase 175 Styline

    Hi all, That is what I think as well. I've managed to <"kill all my RCS"> in some <"soft water"> and/or cichlid related mishaps, but a combination of Tadpole Shrimps*, MTS <"Red Ramshorn"> snails, Asellus and Crangonyx now <"perform janitorial duties for me">. *edit That should have been...
  70. dw1305

    My new Oase 175 Styline

    Hi all, Neither Amano shrimps or Nerite species snail will reproduce successfully in your tank, both have planktonic stages that require sea water for development. You never have more than you purchased, but over time their number will shrink due to "natural wastage" and if you still want them...
  71. dw1305

    Start up. Initial fertiliser dosing.

    Hi all, I like the <"Duckweed Index"> in low tech tanks. You just use the <"leaf colour and health"> of a floating plant as an indication of when nutrient addition is required. You can add some fraction of EI dosing I might add a 1/4 of the full dose for starters. I don't think it has any...
  72. dw1305

    Pale sickly plants (brown, yellow)

    Hi all, You are almost certainly right. I think I'm probably reasonably good at judging light in the flesh, but I haven't actually seen a lot of these lights, so it is mainly guesswork. cheers Darrel
  73. dw1305

    Best freebie?

    Hi all, <"Apistogramma macmasteri">. cheers Darrel
  74. dw1305

    45p, childhood memories, nano river scape.

    Hi all, I'm a cobble/pebble fan. <"Rounded rocks"> just always look so much more <"natural for me">. cheers Darrel
  75. dw1305

    Pale sickly plants (brown, yellow)

    Hi all, I'm sorry to hear that, can we have another picture? I'm particularly interested in <"the leaf colour">. Not my advice as such, <"I like plenty of light">, because that way we've ensured that we've reached Light Compensation Point (LCP) and taken <"lack of light" out of the equation">...
  76. dw1305

    The Nymph's Spring (EA900)

    Hi all, It is referenced in <"Water Changes........">. cheers Darrel
  77. dw1305

    Is the tap water in your country are soft?And if so, what are the GH and KH values?

    Hi all, Welcome to UKAPS. It is very different from most of us. Much of the hard water in the UK comes from pure <"limestone aquifers"> with a very high <"Ca : Mg ratio">. Your higher levels of magnesium are because of "dolomitization", with the Mediterranean basin having <"dried out"> and...
  78. dw1305

    Fluval 406...advice please

    Hi all, Welcome to UKAPS. I'll start by asking a very silly question, but you have put the the inlet and outlet hoses the right way around? I spent a fruitless five minutes on Saturday with an Eheim 2224 before I realised I'd connected the inlet hose to the spray bar. I always do this. I...
  79. dw1305

    Plant ID help: Crypts and "Crypts"

    Hi all, I think C. moehlmannii may have been synomised with C. pontederiifolia. @Alex Papp told me (in a PM), and I think the details are in one of @Christel's books? I <"grow one, or the other">, (so both now officially C. pontederiifolia), but I don't know where it came from, or how it was...
  80. dw1305

    Iron deficiency and which chelator do I need?

    Hi all, That is what we need to know. It is an iron (Fe), or just possibly manganese (Mn), deficiency. They are elements that <"are immobile within the plant">, so it can't import them to new leaves, and that is where you see the chlorosis deficiency symptoms. I don't know which iron chelators...
  81. dw1305

    My new Oase 175 Styline

    Hi all, I've always run a <"12 hour day"> as well. cheers Darrel
  82. dw1305

    bolbitis heudelotii or trident fern?

    Hi all, Tuck it in a corner somewhere and just ignore it. None of mine are connected to anything anymore. They used to be fastened to wood etc. but over time they've just ended up tucked up under <"the greenery and totally ignored">. cheers Darrel
  83. dw1305

    RO Water Nano Tank Mix Quantities

    H all, You could just add ~10% tap water, that would supply calcium (Ca ++) and carbonate (HCO3-) and you are going to add magnesium (Mg) with your fertiliser addition. I don't actually add a set amount of tap water, I just use a <"conductivity datum range">. If you only have low tech small...
  84. dw1305

    Half-emersed plants

    Hi all, Have a look at @zozo's <"Mission Bathtub......."> and @Kezzab's <"Messing about">. cheers Darrel
  85. dw1305

    bolbitis heudelotii or trident fern?

    Hi all, It will probably look a <"bit greener and healthier in the shade">. It has a <"very low light requirement">. I'd go as far as to say say it is the only plant that I actually grow well (low nutrients, total neglect). Most of the others just teeter somewhere near the brink of the land...
  86. dw1305

    Iron deficiency and which chelator do I need?

    Hi all, It could be, but it would depend how the water softener works. The Spirodela polyrhiza are definitely chlorotic, the question would be whether that paleness effects the older or the newer leaves. cheers Darrel
  87. dw1305

    Creepy Hollow

    Hi all, Potentially. I should say that while I often had broods that were both sexes on more than one occasion I ended with <"all of one sex"> for no apparent reason. cheers Darrel
  88. dw1305

    Mum's nano cube

    Hi all, Yes that is right, all the limestone aquifer water will have a very similar TDS (conductivity) value. If you get much over 500 ppm TDS, you have other ions (other than Ca++ and HCO3- present). The values are all similar because of the <"limited solubility"> of calcium carbonate...
  89. dw1305

    Creepy Hollow

    Hi all, You may find you end up with potentially largely female fish in the fry. Sex differentiation in Apistogramma <"is temperature dependent"> (just like Crocodiles), about 26 - 27oC gives you a ~ 50:50 mix of sexes in A. cacatuoides. Warmer = more males, cooler more females. It is the...
  90. dw1305

    Help Understanding Air Stones

    Hi all, Yes, they do. Tiny bubbles are the ones you want for complete dissolution. <"Residence time"> is the technical term. If you get really <"small nano bubbles"> they can potentially remain in solution for a very long time period. cheers Darrel
  91. dw1305

    Softened Water

    Hi all, That is a bit of a dilemma, but you can't really use the softened water. It has exchanged two sodium (Na++) ions for each calcium (Ca++) ion, and you have a lot of calcium to start of with. Have a look at <"Household water softener water usability">. cheers Darrel
  92. dw1305

    First water test

    Hi all, Exactly that, Amazon Frogbit is just a more suitable Duckweed. It would have been so much easier if I had called it the "Frogbit Index", but hindsight is a wonderful thing. I didn't <"really invent it">, I just took elements from research on using floating plants for the...
  93. dw1305

    Iron deficiency and which chelator do I need?

    Hi all, Assuming the newest leaf on the Spirodela is the green one? Then your plants aren't now iron deficient. They can't move the iron to the older leaves, so they will remain pale. No should be fine, as long as there aren't obvious precipitates? cheers Darrel
  94. dw1305

    Slow Growth floating plants?

    Hi all, Possibly Red Root Floater (Phyllanthus fluitans)? It was very well behaved for me, so well well behaved that eventually I got fed up <"with continually rescuing it."> You can regulate the growth of Amazon Frogbit (Limnobium laevigatum) by <"manipulating nutrient levels">. That is why I...
  95. dw1305

    First water test

    Hi all, Yes, that is it. At the moment we just don't know if your plants are getting enough light energy to grow, we can remove "lack of light" as a variable by ensuring that we definitely have enough light. I use a floating plant (with access to atmospheric CO2 and therefore not CO2...
  96. dw1305

    Apisto double red fry dying HELP

    Hi all, I'm not saying it is impossible to successfully use a breeding trap, but I've honestly never heard of any-one doing it for Apistogramma. I know some people <"use them for loricariids"> like Panaqolus etc., but I can't see any way they could be advantageous for Dwarf Cichlids. I...
  97. dw1305

    Mum's nano cube

    Hi all, Daphnia appear in all sorts of strange places, they can <"form resting"> cysts that blew about in the wind etc. cheers Darrel
  98. dw1305

    Apisto double red fry dying HELP

    Hi all, Honestly forget the breeding trap, you can move the male to another tank if you want, but just let the female herd the fry around the tank. Also if you don't have any moss, I'd get some it is really useful for Apistogramma fry and ideally you want big wodges of it, rather than neat tied...
  99. dw1305

    GYO - Growing leaves and botanicals . . .

    Hi all, Alnus cordata is the one you want. It also doesn't need to grow as wet as Alnus glutinosa. If you want to pyo own then you get Alder seedlings pretty freely wherever you get damp mud near the trees. Black Mulberry (Morus nigra) is your best bet. They are quite expensive to buy, but if...
  100. dw1305

    Swords looking very sorry for themselves.

    Hi all, I think it is probably grazing on the leaves, <"Peckoltia compta"> is quite omnivorous and <"loricariids really like Echinodorus">. You could try feeding courgette? and see if that helps. Because you live in a hard water area (my mum was <"born in Chalk">) iron (Fe) deficiency is quite...
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