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  1. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I think that your cooler temps might be playing a role in stability too @MirandaB, my culture never really gets above 22c and often dips down to around 18c or even cooler. What temperature are you running @Wookii? Hopefully this recent issue really was just some flukey bacterial infection that...
  2. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    It seems the most productive method by far is to keep them on slabs of fine filter sponge laying in water almost level with the top of the sponge. You feed finely powdered porridge oats and pour off and replace the dirty water every few days. The water absolutely stinks but alex says it contains...
  3. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    That must be increidbly frustrating but it seems like only contamination with some kind of harmful bacteria could explain that, even when I've had a culture crash before I don't think I've ever actually had ALL the moina die off, just a sharp reduction in numbers. I will try and get some more...
  4. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    There's two guys on ebay, one of them is shipping the worms from Denmark and the other is Alex the Russian guy I'm talking about. I was a test case to see how they would survive shipping and they seem to have survived just fine. If it's Alex you've ordered them from you wont be disappointed with...
  5. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    Got my microfex from the Russian guy Alex today so I've got another variable for the moina cultures to keep things nice and confusing now. He also confirmed that in addition to maintaining several specific cultures of them (that he apparently really does harvest 500g from a day) he also keeps...
  6. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    It's entirely possible that the ratio of nutrients in the fish mix is such that all of some necessary nutrient for the chlorella is used up before all of the ammonia is purged that's why I'm keen to be able to test mine but it wouldn't necessarily explain why me and miranda don't seem to be...
  7. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I'm going to don't worry. I can't say I've ever seen the snails do that, sometimes they have clustered near the surface right after a feed but that happened even with yeast. Soon I'll be able to let you know the ph of my culture and what results im getting ammonia wise.
  8. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    It's weird but this basically sounds like when people get cloudy water in their aquariums doesn't it? I've often seen threads where people can't work out what caused it and it keeps coming back after water changes only to eventually disappear as quickly as it started. The weird thing is that you...
  9. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I've only ever used 2L and 5L bottles of coop own brand still water. At first I even used the water as a base for the fert mix but now obviously I'm using tap water without any problems. I use an arcadia jungle dawn LED bar upright and aligned with the bottles now for maximum light and it's 34w...
  10. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I don't think that the sugars from the fishmix are strictly necessary, it just allows the chlorella to continue growing during the dark period and they are included with a view to promoting microbial growth around the root system of terrestrial plants more than for their value as a fertiliser...
  11. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I'm really interested in what results you can get with dry ferts because I genuinely can't tell whether it will produce better or worse results, seems like it could go either way, but if it simplifies things in any way you wont have to twist my arm to get me to switch over. There's a very...
  12. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    The moina in my main culture have actually now been overtaken by the ceriodaphnia, I think there may actually be hundreds of thousands of them in there and I'm literally throwing ceriodaphnia away each day to keep the population under control because my fish can't eat this much. It's frustrating...
  13. L

    Tropica soil powder - gravel vac tips?

    This. Also you can bring whatever container you're siphoning the water into up closer towards the tank so that there's less pressure. I had the same problem with a dennerle nano gravel vac and ada aquasoil powder, a combination of these two approaches solved it. I just pinch the airline with my...
  14. L

    Ferns not growing enough

    I wouldn't really call java fern a slow growing plant, under optimal conditions it seems to grow very quickly. It's more just that it's very adaptable and can grow without co2 supplementation, fertiliser, and even in ridiculously low light - it just does so by growing very slowly. It's never...
  15. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I'm not sure about this, I don't have a link to hand right now but I found a study where they demonstrated that at least they have the ability to sort and preferentially consume or discard particles based on size. They fed them two types of algae with different average cell sizes but that they...
  16. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    @Wookii you were right about the agar, much better results. The gelatin batch turned into a sloppy disgusting mess when the room temperature spiked by a couple of degrees so I made some with agar today. Messed up the first one by trying to be smart and boiling a teaspoon of agar in 100ml of...
  17. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I was probably over reacting and the strong light was just causing the chlorella to bloom in the culture, I'm glad there were no signs of a crash. To be honest the disappearing layer of snail poo is really mysterious, I can't quite figure out what's going on there. Maybe the moina did eat it...
  18. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    One other possibility for the change in appearance of the chlorella by the way is just that it's adapting to the lower light levels in your moina tank and exploiting some other source of carbon in the water, or maybe even the snail poo to produce heterotrophic growth. In a purely heterotrophic...
  19. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I wouldn't wait until tomorrow. I'd do a big water change tonight if you can as this sounds a lot like a culture that's about to crash real bad. I think it's possible there was too much chlorella at once and after it used up all the nutrients present in the water -, as it began dying, some kind...
  20. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    The Ceriodaphnia are really starting to take off, these were tricky to get to this point but if anyone else wants a starter culture to experiment with just give me a shout. Being even smaller than moina they are really great for fry or tiny fish, my Boraras maculatus and scarlet badis love them...
  21. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    That's actually really good to know. I thought agar set too much at a higher temperature than that, THIS paper confirms that 40 degrees isn't a significantly fatal temperature for the chlorella. As long as the chitosan doesn't affect it setting I'm going to try switching to agar, I knew gelatin...
  22. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    also found this paper which noted that increased concentrations of dissolved organic matter rich in humic substances increased brood size in daphnia as well as a few other interesting observations. Living in a browning environment: Effects on Daphnia’s growth and fatty acid pattern
  23. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I'm not sure really, it's weird that it doesn't look more green but it could well be growing from potential nutrients in the tapwater, or maybe unconsumed nutrients left from the fish mix? I've never had a bacterial bloom in a moina or daphnia culture really, not of free floating bacteria anyway...
  24. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I'm still very curious what results you might get with your dry ferts and the chlorella too @Wookii, in an ideal world the fish mix could smell slightly better when you first start running air through it.
  25. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    That explains it, I had the window open 24/7 up here in Scotland. Probably much colder.
  26. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    This is exactly the sort of thing I was hoping to see when I sent out these cultures. Please let us know how this works out, if you do get good growth of the chlorella in here you could try adding chicken manure with the moina to act as fertiliser for the chlorella and a source of various fungi...
  27. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    That's pretty fast! it took longer than that when I was doing them on the windowsill.
  28. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    As far as the clumping/settling goes it seems like if it's allowed to settle too much initially it takes longer to resolve itself. I'm using a cheap airpump from amazon that's not very powerful for the big 5L bottles so particularly when they're fresh I still give them a good shake once a day...
  29. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I was just about to ask how you were getting on, I'm very glad to see things are working out! Obviously the whole point is you don't have to worry quite as much about water quality as you do with yeast so I would just top it up whenever you notice it getting clearer. I often make the water...
  30. L

    Should you clean a snail?

    Look at the state of this one. I think itt's actually some kind of Vorticella rather than a colonial rotifer living on the shell. People say this is a pest of aquatic shrimp however it's ubiquitous in all of my livefood cultures and, although it does sometimes even attach to daphnia and moina, I...
  31. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    Amazing! that looks quite well developed too, how old do you reckon it is? Did you notice them guarding the eggs or any other behaviour that might have tipped you off or were these a total surprise? I'd love to see some pictures of your set up for the pairs miranda just so I know what definitely...
  32. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    I introduced my female to a male yesterday and I was very interested to see that she had a very strong reaction to him. Even when he was still floating in a bag she recognised him almost immediately and watched him intently the entire time he was acclimating, they've been moving around the tank...
  33. L

    Should you clean a snail?

    I've got a lot of ramshorn snails in many of my livefood tubs, some of them grow algae on their shells and some don't, there's one at the moment that has several batches of eggs stuck to it's shell, but there's also a snail in one of my ceriodaphnia cultures whose shell is entirely covered in a...
  34. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    @OmlettG you are part of a very, very exclusive club now. I'd like to help anyone trying to breed these fish in the UK anyway I can so if you want just PM me your address and I'll send you starter cultures of Moina macrocopa/micrura and Chlorella vulgaris for free. Moina can be a really useful...
  35. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    I don't understand what you mean, two around 7/8? If the fish in the picture has shown grey stripes I'd say with a very high degree of certainty that it's a female, I've never seen a male with dark stripes and I've never seen a female without them. I don't think there is much reason to be...
  36. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    You know I actually forgot to ask, I'll find out. For grindal worms I don't think keeping them on sponge makes them any more productive, it's just to try and avoid soil mites and make it marginally easier to harvest them. I think the notion is that with the microfex the extra oxygen whilst...
  37. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    So I actually ended up chatting to this guy on the phone. He had some interesting things to say, he's from Russia, apparently these are the go to live food over there for breeding all kinds of fish. Supposedly they can be absurdly productive under the proper conditions, he mentioned sometimes...
  38. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    That looks like a female to me. I think the fact that juveniles don't necessarily display their adult colours makes it particularly hard to tell from photos though. @MirandaB gave me a good tip about the females head looking a little different in profile and slightly less pointed. Does it ever...
  39. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    When it was in the plastic cup it was on the windowsill during the day but once I moved it into the tupperware I put it under the same 24hr LED as my master culture. Presumably when a culture that's been fed heavily with chlorella is exposed to a reasonable amount of light it will continue to...
  40. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    In my large master culture there is normally a bit of an accumulation in the centre of their shed exoskeletons and a few dead adults. In my experience if there's a lot of dead adults the culture is crashing, they don't tend to die faster than the ramshorns eat them otherwise. Don't know how I...
  41. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    Here's a fresh culture I started, container size is just under two litres, round and low, no aeration or heater. I added a few strands of hay, a fat ramshorn, and chlorella to a 32oz plastic cup until I couldn't see through the water anymore, and about 20 adult moina appoximately a week ago...
  42. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I'm holding off on buying the ebay ones from Denmark until I've asked around on here incase anyone has them. Seems like too much potential for brexovid shenanigans ordering from Denmark.
  43. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    Hard to get the lighting right to show you what I'm talking about but you can see here a little bit of sedimentation in the ridges of the bottles similar to what you're seeing in your own. There was more a few days ago but it quickly sorts itself out as the algal cells use up the fish mix. These...
  44. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    It could be something to do with minerals. I use water from my tank for all the water changes and it presumably had minerals present from the aquasoil, rooibos tea etc. There's something very wrong if you're getting a similar number of births and deaths with Moina though and it probably implies...
  45. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    What I find is that once it's a nice opaque emerald green, if you turn the airpump off and let the culture settle a bit, for some reason especially in tall bottles the top inch or so of water especially around the edges seems to clear. When there's still a lot of nutrients left from the fishmix...
  46. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    In an ideal world you'd find a way to shine the LED on the side of those containers too. I'm using an LED bar so I can stand it up upright next to the bottles and I've built a little box lined with tinfoil that goes around them. It's so much faster than when I had them on the windowsill, you can...
  47. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    Actually seems it's most likely a defense mechanism in response to some other bacteria present in the mix. Once the chlorella outcompetes it the growth returns to normal. This quote is obviously talking about plants but it's a general defense mechanism.
  48. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    This looks fine to me, I'm growing it in 2L and 5L bottles with ridged sides and it sort of does this in the ridges, especially at the start of the culure. If you have lids for those containers and can give them a shake that will help get it back into suspension. It should sort itself out though...
  49. L

    Amano shrimp preying on Cherry

    Happened again. Apoligies for the quality of this photo. This tank has been running for years and even the newest amano has been in there for at least a full year without me ever noticing this happen before. It seems like way too much of a coincidence that this starts happening after a period of...
  50. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    £5. Not bad considering I've offered more than £100 for a female D. dario recently and been quite understandably refused. I am going to spoil this fish. She's still quite small and maybe a little underweight so I'm going to condition her for a while but once she's paired up and healthy I will...
  51. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    I'm certainly going to do everything in my power to breed them. I need to hope I can keep this one happy and healthy but she's eating well and exploring her tank a lot today so I'm hopeful. There's another member here that has some pairs they're trying to breed too. One way or another I think...
  52. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    @dw1305 @lazybones51 @Tim Harrison Gents you three all also expressed an interested here in getting ahold of females so this is just a heads up that I was finally able to acquire a definite female yesterday from 'riverparkaquatics' on ebay. They got a small batch in and said there were two...
  53. L

    Amano shrimp preying on Cherry

    You might already know this but actually plenty of fish prey on seed shrimp, they just aren't always capable of digesting them. The seed shrimp can close their shell. A live seed shrimp goes in one end of the fish - and a live seed shrimp comes out the other end of the fish.
  54. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I'm so embarassed by my hand writing! Did the C. dubia survive the trip alright?
  55. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    The bottom of the tank is getting there now! I'm really pretty sure you have a different species that is slightly smaller than what is in the master culture I've shown you here. I think the intermediate sized ones, between my M. macrocopa and the C. dubia, that I recently aquired and believe to...
  56. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    And a video to try and give you some sense of the population density it runs at. I've been harvesting a lot recently because I'm also feeding newt larvae as well as my fish.
  57. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    A great source of algae covered leaves for shrimp or otocinclus. The clean ones in the first picture have recently been scoured by the shrimp and put back in the moina culture to ripen again. I count 17 large mature ramshorns in here by the way so about 2 per litre as this is probably slightly...
  58. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I don't heat mine at all, they stay at a pretty steady 22c. It would be really interesting to see a side by side comparison of two bottles with the fish mix and inorganic salts. I have some garden fert pellets that I think are about that ratio, I'm going to go dig them out and set up a side by...
  59. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    Beech leaves but not too many as a lot of tannin in the water slows reproduction. With some daphnids you get larger, longer lived individuals but with smaller brood sizes if there is too much tannin in the water.
  60. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    This guy describes a recipe using dry salts and he's also adding dolomite lime.
  61. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    You should see the state of my large master culture, the entire bottom is covered in algae, snail poo, a few leaves and other detritus and I rarely ever siphon much of it off when I perform a water change - occasionally I take a leaf out and let my shrimp clean all the algae off. Once I've...
  62. L

    Moss dry start on wood

    That fissidens will for sure recover in no time at all now it's under water. It's extremely hardy but there is a bit of a misunderstanding about F. fontanus - it's a true aquatic and does not grow emersed anywhere other than constant splash zones from waterfalls where it's wet enough that it's...
  63. L

    Amano shrimp preying on Cherry

    I think the amanos definitely eat some of the moina. It's not something I've observed directly but the larger ones that the Boraras tend to pass over still disappear and like you say, they love worms of all kinds. That's why I'm considering the unlikely possibility that this one has got a taste...
  64. L

    Amano shrimp preying on Cherry

    I've seen mine appear to attack cherries before. They grab them but usually the cherry can break free.
  65. L

    Amano shrimp preying on Cherry

    I don't think it hunted the cherry down, I think it found the cherry while it was vulnerable moulting and decided to eat it because it could and was hungrier than usual. I found them like this though so the cherry could have been dead already.
  66. L

    Amano shrimp preying on Cherry

    I don't believe this shrimp was dead when the Amano found it, I think it was trying to moult. I overfed this tank trying to get my Boraras maculatus to breed, in particular too many microworms, and I had a real snail explosion as well as a bad cloudy water situation going on. I stopped feeeding...
  67. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    These are the best videos I could get that give you a clear sense of scale and the relative sizes of the three species I believe to be Moina macrocopa, the smaller Moina micrura and Ceriodaphnia dubia.
  68. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I've also had some success lately culturing this fluffy dog on duck and venison sausages.
  69. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    The experimental culture of ceriodaphnia dubia has had an explosion of what looks like Paramecium since I started feeding live chlorella. It would make much more sense for the invasive organism to be rotifers but it really looks like Paramecium to me. Anyway here's a video for anyone curious...
  70. L

    Journal Water meadow gardening

    Nice! Those are really cool fish too, I'd never heard of them before. I have a really nice and very strong giant black barrel that originally held salt lick for livestock and it's been frustrating me that it seems cheaper to buy a whole barrel of animal feed or salt lick just for the tub than it...
  71. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    What we need to get our hands on is Moina micrura rather than macrocopa. These are much smaller still. I'm in contact with someone who claims to have them, I'm going to get some and we'll see. I will spread them about if they are the real deal.
  72. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I only run 24 hours because I read a paper that very specifically claimed they were most productive under 24 hours of lighting. I don't imagine the difference between 16 and 24 hours makes much difference to production though but I also have some small cultures of very rare moss and liverworts...
  73. L

    Journal Water meadow gardening

    Where did you get those large black plastic half barrels from? I have one exactly like that but I'd like to buy some more.
  74. L

    Growing moss on pond liner?

    I built a raised bed with wildlife pond for a charity some time ago and what we did was use horticulrtural capilliary matting to cover the exposed liner around the edges. It wicks very well so remains moist and grows moss but the problem then becomes that water evaporates from the pond much...
  75. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I'm going to respond to lots of the points here because it's good to be able to cross reference our experiences. This reflects my own experience regarding temperature - they for sure like it warm. If I get bored enough I'm going to run some experiments with ephippia that I've produced myself to...
  76. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    By the way for anyone who can't be bothered with this and just wants to culture Moina with yeast the advice I wish someone had given me before I started was don't worry about underfeeding. If you're anything like me you will crash multiple cultures by either feeding too often, or too much yeast...
  77. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    It really is a much better solution than yeast but you can also still supplement with a little yeast, paprika, gram flour or whatever else takes your fancy for even more nutrient dense moina. My bottles are on a pretty much west facing windowsill so they get direct sunlight only in the afternoon...
  78. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I think that's unlikely but a real possibility depending on your fertilization regime. Daphnids really do polish the water until it's crystal clear though, I wait until there's not the slightest hint of cloudiness left in the water before harvesting them anyway as a habit from when I was feeding...
  79. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    I hope it might be useful in producing livefood for your scarlet badis breeding project! just let me know if you need starters of Moina or Chlorella. Happy to provide small amounts of both for free to such a worthy cause.
  80. L

    HOW TO: Clean, easy and highly nutritious greenwater culture for Daphnia and Moina.

    Recently I asked on here whether anybody had experience cultivating the green algae Chlorella vulgaris in freshwater for use in feeding Moina macrocopa cultures. The species is often used in saltwater phytoplankton systems, and is the preferred food for industrial scale Daphnia and Moina...
  81. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    Just to add that I still feel terrible about what happened to the D. hysignon male - don't ever keep these species together, D. dario is much more aggressive and, even if they're not at first, can eventually become so and are well able to harass even larger fish that they don't like the look of...
  82. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    and the killer D. dario He started off as the most pathetic little malnourished transparent runt imaginable at the LFS but became an absolute monster.
  83. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    appreciate the tip! I actually had a pair of Dario Hysignon a few years ago and the difference between male and female was very apparent. I made a terrible mistake with this pair and had them temporarily in the same tank as a much smaller surplus male Dario dario that had been sold to me as a...
  84. L

    Thoughts on Blackwater Extract products . . .

    Originally I started by literally just making a cup of strong rooibos, taking a few sips and then letting it cool down before dumping it into the tank about once a week. In a ten gallon tank this worked out to be about the right amount of tint for my taste and had a significant effect on the...
  85. L

    Thoughts on Blackwater Extract products . . .

    I think in an ideal world you'd use as diverse an array of ingredients in your blackwater as circumstances allow. I've not noticed any difference since I started using alder cones as well as rooibos but I only began doing so last week when I found an alder tree. Purely based on how effective the...
  86. L

    Thoughts on Blackwater Extract products . . .

    I noticed a really significant improvement in Bolbitis, two forms of java fern, and Cryptocoryne parva when I started adding rooibos tea to my low tech tank and it also seemed to help with algae. Not only are the plants growing faster but they are much healthier and producing larger leaves too...
  87. L

    Breeding Boraras questions

    No luck with the adults in a seperate breeding tank so I'm going back to the drawing board. they're back in the main tank and I'm going to condition them for a couple of weeks with the microworms I bought then try them in the breeding tank again. I've also reduced the temperature in the main...
  88. L

    Tips on feeding otocinclus

    Damn. I was just about to link you to a website where I thought I'd found a promising lead on cultivating specifically diatoms - "www.sciento.co.uk". It looks like they've shut down since I posted my first message in this thread though which is a real tragedy. They had some cool stuff available...
  89. L

    Tips on feeding otocinclus

    Was wondering whether you had some method for cultivating diatoms specifically as opposed to other kinds of algae
  90. L

    Growing Chlorella vulgaris deliberately?

    I've had great results using chicken manure for daphnia outdoors too actually. I want to try and get a bit more technical with the chlorella and culture it mixotrophically for maximum production and nutrient profile. I just need to find the right mineral or organic fertiliser, chicken manure may...
  91. L

    Growing Chlorella vulgaris deliberately?

    I want to start a mixotrophic Chlorella vulgaris culture as a better food for my moina cultures than yeast because of how easy it is to crash them feeding yeast. The price for some of the 'mediums' for growing this algae are an absolute joke, has anyone here got any experience growing this...
  92. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    also interested in buying fry from you.
  93. L

    Has anyone ever seen a female Scarlet Badis?

    Incredible, looks like you really do have a female! I'll give you £100 for that fish if you ever change your mind and want to sell it.
  94. L

    Tips on feeding otocinclus

    Given much thought to how you would cultivate diatoms? I've been thinking about this too.
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    60cm x 60cm x 45cm Vivarium with drip feature, emersed aquatic plants and inhabitants.

    You might be prematurely dismissing the ultrasonic foggers for fertigation, they're quite widely used in aeroponics where they are specifically fogging a nutrient solution. When I had one set up for emersed aquarium plants I was dosing the water too and never had any issues. The ceramic discs...
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    60cm x 60cm x 45cm Vivarium with drip feature, emersed aquatic plants and inhabitants.

    It's quite hard to give a straight answer here because it really depends on how you use them and in an ideal world I would actually use both. The misting system less frequently but with heavier mistings to act essentially as an irrigation system, and a fogger to bring up humidity every day in...
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    60cm x 60cm x 45cm Vivarium with drip feature, emersed aquatic plants and inhabitants.

    It's an exo terra glass vivarium but I also have zoomed glass vivariums and there's not much to differentiate one brand as being obviously superior to the other. The main thing I'd say is that if you're keeping species as small as this they all tend to require modification to make them escape...
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    60cm x 60cm x 45cm Vivarium with drip feature, emersed aquatic plants and inhabitants.

    The mistking systems definitely produce mist rather than fog. I believe you can aquire misting nozzles that produce droplet sizes rated as fog that the mistking system is sufficiently powerful to work with but I'm not an expert - I would probably lean towards using an ultrasonic fogger if what I...
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    60cm x 60cm x 45cm Vivarium with drip feature, emersed aquatic plants and inhabitants.

    The background is made from treefern panels with their grain running horizontally so they wick slightly less moisture from the substrate. You could use them in this way on the rear and sides of a paludarium but they would definitely leak some tannins into your water. The little pool at the...
  100. L

    A thick and full carpet...

    Amano shrimps will tear through that kind of green algae in your carpet but in my experience they have to be A hungry and B big. You'll probably want to find a more permanent solution that addresses the root cause but If you take five BIG amanos and don't feed them for a few days then put them...
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