Search results

  1. tiger15

    Eradicating Riccia?

    Use the initial dosage, that is, 1 capful (5ml) for every 40 L (10 US gal) every day for a week. Since SeaChem Excel has 1.5% Glutaraldehyde, it is equivalent to 2 ppm Glut. I use Metricide 14 that contains 2.6% Glut, and the equivalent dosage in proportional calculation is 2.9 ml per 40 L...
  2. tiger15

    Lighting calculator

    Get a light meter that measures LUX (lumen per square meter) and look up conversion factors to PAR based on lamp type. In my research of one source, LED white light has a dividing factor of 69, fluorescent 75, sunlight 54, etc. Not an exact PAR measurement but will give you ball part...
  3. tiger15

    Eradicating Riccia?

    Dose 2 ppm daily without WC for one week. Glut‘s half life is about 10 hr, and will be degraded to nearly nothing in 24 hr. Do WC only if you observe stress of your fish or shrimp. Most plants should be fine. Do not under dose. When I dosed 5x after weekly WC and 1x daily for liquid carbon...
  4. tiger15

    Eradicating Riccia?

    Dose Glutaldehyde at 2 ppm (Seachem Excel recommended 5x dosage after WC) daily for a week. I did it one time to fight ick and had the collateral benefit of wiping out all volunteered mosses (Riccia, Xmas and Java moss) in my tank that I had hard time getting rid of in the past. None of my...
  5. tiger15

    Epiphytes for high light

    H pinnatifda didn’t do well in my medium tech set up. I tried it twice and both time failed. It’s an usual and beautiful stem that I may try it a third time by tying it up high.. Though not an epiphite, a number of Hydrocotyle species are vining stem that will self attach to drift wood...
  6. tiger15

    Epiphytes for high light

    Hygrophila pinnatifida can be grown as an epiphyte and prefers medium to high light. In fact, you don’t get the red color without high light.
  7. tiger15

    Red plants for low tech tank?

    Yes, both shipments are Alternanthera Reineckii Rosanervig. Yes, the first shipment has insane red, but doesn't last long for me and appears to be emerged cut. The second shipment appears to be submersed cut. The AR mini come with tissue culture only. If this second shipment fails, I will...
  8. tiger15

    Red plants for low tech tank?

    You can re scape as easy as moving furniture if plants are potted or epiphytes attached to rock. I re scape all the time as plants grow and change perspective, and I am never satisfied with the last scape. The second shipment of AR came and has been in place for a week and seem to be holding...
  9. tiger15

    How liquid carbon might work

    Interesting read. There is an inherent assumption that plant cells can uptake Glut for the reaction to take place inside the cells. That said, any uptake of DOC not limiting to Glut by plant cells will react similarly by generating CO2 internally. The catch is that it is an oxidation...
  10. tiger15

    Show me your favourite long (~1500mm) aquascape?

    Mine is a 6ft (182 cm) long tank, heavily stocked cichlid planted tank. After trying several variations, for a long tank, an asymmetrical triangular scape seems to look better than central island or valley scape.
  11. tiger15

    Red plants for low tech tank?

    The first shipment came. It’s a bundled trimmed stems with none, not even aerial roots. As expected, it melted in 3 days. I took a photo and got a refund. I ordered a replacement potted version which is coming in soon. AR are heavy rooted stems closer to rosette, and rootless stems are hard...
  12. tiger15

    Amano and Cherry Shrimp keep dying!

    If you do 50% WC twice a week, and the shrimp are dying, it's a telltale sign your tap water contains excessive heavy metals. Most metals originate from your home plumbing, less likely from your water source so your water provider test reports can be misleading. Copper is the most likely...
  13. tiger15

    Tissue culture plants questions

    I have several questions on tissue culture plants. 1) Why every instruction says that you must remove the agar before planting. I know it’s good for plants you want the quantity, so you can split up and spread the platelets out. What if I don’t want the quantity, just want one big clump. Can...
  14. tiger15

    Planaria? Help please!

    Is planaria harmful or harmless to shrimp. I read opposite point of view. You can control planaria and other naked invert by dosing Excel aka glutaldehyde. It’s harmless to shrimp at recommended dosage according to Seachem...
  15. tiger15

    Babies of all sizes

    I actually like the cool look of the long roots. You can maintain an open area by making a floating air tube ring.
  16. tiger15

    Red plants for low tech tank?

    There are a few strategy you can keep large cichlid with plants. Keep tough texture plants like sword, Java fern, Anubias and Buce. Avoid delicate and tasty plants such as Brazilian pennywort and Limnophila aromatica which are edible salad green. Avoid substrate plants but root plants in...
  17. tiger15

    Babies of all sizes

    Nice and lush. Are the floater Amazon Frogbit and the tall hairy plant on the right some sort of moss? Just wonder how do you get enough light penetration to reach the hair grass with floater blocking?
  18. tiger15

    Which stem plant would be better to use!?

    What is 53b? I have Hygro polysperma Sunset that grows well and one rare stem that gets full bottoms in my medium light tank. If you have strong light it will turn red but mine only gets touch of pink on top near light. Another easy stem that does well In my medium light tank is Brazilian...
  19. tiger15

    Red plants for low tech tank?

    If you try one challenging plant at a time and lose it, it's an experiment. If you try too many and lose a bunch, it's a bad investment and terrible experience. If your acara is the cause of your plant demise, you know it as you'll see uprooted plants, shredded leaves and likely catch them in...
  20. tiger15

    Red plants for low tech tank?

    I have polysperma Sunset that is supposed to turn red in high light, but I only get a touch of pink in some tops. Yes, it is Trident Java fern on left which makes tall carpet on larva rock, easy and thrive even in dim light. AR reminds me of red Japanese Maple, so I have to try it. “Never...
  21. tiger15

    Red plants for low tech tank?

    Another advantage of potted plant is that I can place it up high in rock hill to reach more light. All my plants are either potted or epiphytes attached to rock. So they are like mobile furniture, convenient to move around to re-scape. Many red stems did not do well in my medium light set up...
  22. tiger15

    Red plants for low tech tank?

    Another advantage of potted plant is that I can place it up high in rock hill to reach more light. All my plants are either potted or epiphytes attached to rock. So they are like mobile furniture, convenient to move around to re-scape. Many red stems did not do well in my medium light set up...
  23. tiger15

    Red plants for low tech tank?

    Like yours, I have medium light and most of my plants are easy low light epiphytes attached to rock. I keep large cichlid that dig, so I have no substrate rooted plants and my substrate is inert gravel barely covered the glass. I always experiment with color stems, a couple at a time, to see...
  24. tiger15

    Which fish species is the most underrated in your opinion?

    I live in US. There are betta societies here, but not labyrinth fish per se I’m aware of. Not sure if it exists in U.K., Killy fish societies are common here, but few species are sold in LFS. There are fish competition every year on Killy fish and betta. Many labyrinth and Killy fish are...
  25. tiger15

    Which fish species is the most underrated in your opinion?

    I think labyrinth fish as a group is the least appreciated in the hobby. There are specialty fish keepers in cichlid, live bearers, Killy fish, tetra, fancy angel, discus and gold fish, but no labyrinth fish. There are many labyrinth fish in the wild yet to be introduced to the hobby, and just...
  26. tiger15

    Polysperma, Ludwigia arcuata & ADA Macrandra Green - Dying or thriving?

    I am showing pics of my Hygrophila polysperma and Ludwigia repen which share similar observation OP reported. I have medium light at top (60-80 PAR) and low light at the bottom (30-40 PAR). The two stems responded differently. Ludwegian repen is a medium light plant that shows redness and...
  27. tiger15

    Polysperma, Ludwigia arcuata & ADA Macrandra Green - Dying or thriving?

    It’s natural for the stems you mentioned to get sun tan approaching light source on top. They are thriving, not dying. It’s an indication you have high light intensity on top, but low to medium light at the bottom. If you want uniform color from top to bottom as in Dutch garden, you need to...
  28. tiger15

    Fert dosing vs nitrate reading

    According to dilution calculation, your resulting nitrate level immediately after WC should be between 2 to 7 ppm. Do you use the same NT test kit to determine the tap water nitrate or rely on utility water reports? Nitrate test kits that rely on color comparison is good to read levels above...
  29. tiger15

    Planted Livebearer Tank

    I have to complement that you have a nice aquascape. The foreground carpet and the mid and background stems look lush and healthy. What plants are they? However, the high fish density and busy, chaotic motion is distractive. Nature aquarium folks value tranquility first, so they prefer low...
  30. tiger15

    Only 1 Side Shoot After Trimming Stems

    It’s only true with all the stem plants you have kept in your setup, but you can’t generalize for all stems you haven’t kept under different and favorable setups. With a few exceptions, stem plants as a group are more demanding.. I have CO2 but only medium light, and most stems including those...
  31. tiger15

    Daily vs Weekly Fert Dosing

    According to Dennis Wong, there isn’t sufficient concentration of potassium phosphate and iron after dilution in the tank water to precipitate out each other. So if you dose macros at one end of the tank, wait for a few minutes of circulation and dose micros at the other end, there should be no...
  32. tiger15

    Plants for Hard Water

    If you worry about hard water for plants, you should worry even more for your cardinal tetra and epistogramma which are black water fish.
  33. tiger15

    Algae in glass corners

    Use a battery drive toothbrush in conjunction with H2O2 if you can expose the seam during WC.
  34. tiger15

    Clown loach sidthimunki and Crypts/ suitable plants

    There are many small loaches that can be fine with plants, but not clown loach that can grow big and powerful. I kept many clown loach over the years and several grew to 6 to 8 inches. I didn't keep them with plants but with rock piles and they would habitually pushed rock aside to make nests...
  35. tiger15

    Loss of water in bubble counter

    All water filled bubble counters will empty out over time. At first I thought there was a micro leak in my counter that could not be detected by soap testing. Now I came to believe it is evaporation loss from dry CO2 bubbling through water. I’m afraid of using mineral oil for fear of backing...
  36. tiger15

    What fish to finish off my tank?

    Rummynose is top water fish, Apistogramma bottom, Phantom mid water, and barb all over. So you have all levels covered and no need for top.
  37. tiger15

    Pinnatifida help

    Even though terrestrial and aquatic plants have nearly identical nutrients requirements, the mechanism of uptake and bio availability of nutrients are sufficiently different that demands different cultural practices. For instance, aquatic plants do not have functional stomata and xylem system so...
  38. tiger15

    Pinnatifida help

    Read Dennis Wong’s profile on the plant. Pin holes are not necessarily caused by K deficiency. Excessive iron can cause it too. https://www.advancedplantedtank.com/plant-guide-hygrophila.html. I am not sure why so many people failed with this plant. I suspect this plant needs higher...
  39. tiger15

    Crushed Coral

    All my tanks have dolomite gravel as substrate. Dolomite is Calcium and Magnesium carbonate, so I never have to dose GH for my plants. Dolomite is better for plants than crushed coral because it is less soluble and won't dissolve too fast or over raise pH. Crushed coral is used by Marine...
  40. tiger15

    Why plants don't need Na and CL

    Nickel is not present in Flourish comprehensive, but in Flourish Trace. Most tap water has more nickel than in Flourish Trace, which is the most expensive tap water one can pay for.
  41. tiger15

    Why plants don't need Na and CL

    Yes, there is variation in the definition of macro and micro nutrients from different sources. Most sources list 14 nutrients. Wikipedia list 17 with addition of H, Cl and Nickel. Nickel is not present in Seachem and other commercial micro formulation I’m aware of so is it an oversight. Na...
  42. tiger15

    Why plants don't need Na and CL

    Yes, it’s hard to be devoid of Na and CL in natural water, but possible in EI RO water in fishless setting. What does functional need of Na mean and what are the symptoms of deficiency. 2 ppm Cl need is far greater than many micros, and why aren’t Na and Cl listed as essential plant nutrients.
  43. tiger15

    Why plants don't need Na and CL

    I’m perplexed that Chloride, along with Sodium, are not one of 13 macro and micro nutrients plants need. Na and Cl are essential electrolytes in all animal, and I can’t understand why plants are lacking and have no need for them Is it the reason why all herbivorous mammal eat mud to supplement...
  44. tiger15

    Pinnatifida help

    Not an easy plant to grow for me. Tried it twice and lost it to quick death of the emerged leaves, followed by slow death of the submerged leaves. I have medium light and I guess it needs higher light to thrive.
  45. tiger15

    White cloud mountain minnows

    The original WCM came from White Cloud Mountain streams of southern China that are extinct in the wild due to pollution. But there are no shortage of WCM in the hobby as they are bred by million in fish farms, and some have naturalized in non native habitats. They are subtropical species and...
  46. tiger15

    External filter hoses kitchen cupboard HELP

    Not sure why do you want to do it. I am concerned with DIY external hoses that can come off and make a mess You can filter your tank with internal or HOB filters without external hoses.
  47. tiger15

    Anubias and particles

    There is a trick to vacuum over carpet plants using turkey baster. From your description it appears to be particulate matter, not milky bacterial bloom. If the filter is not short circuiting, then the media is too coarse to catch fine. What mechanical (not biological) filter media do you...
  48. tiger15

    Anubias and particles

    Just counted today I have 12 blooms simultaneously in my Anubias tank, and the water remains crystal clear. Even if your plants generate floating particles, a good mechanical filter will filter the particles out. If it is hazy from particulate matter, not milky from bacterial bloom, then there...
  49. tiger15

    Anubias and particles

    I have 3 to 5 Anubias blooming simultaneously in my 75 gal tank and I have never observed any pollens. If the dusty particles are not bacterial bloom, then your mechanical filtration is not tight. Do you have HOBs or canister filters. If the mechanical filter pad in either filter is not...
  50. tiger15

    Tough texture stem plants

    I am not interested in Hornwort, which is too soft and hard to aquascape. If I have to rate the toughness of plants from 1 to 10 based on what I have kept: Non stems Anubias and Java fern 10, Bolbitis and Buce 9, Sword 8 Hair grass 8 Saggitaria 8 Cryptocoryne 7 Vals 5 Nymphaea 4 Stems Najas 1...
  51. tiger15

    Tough texture stem plants

    Yes, I’m aware that severum are herbivore, yet there are good and bad behaved Severum. I got rid of one that nip plants all day long, and the ones I chose to keep are well behaved. I have not seen them bother my plants which are mostly tough texture epiphytes and sword. This is why I’m...
  52. tiger15

    Tough texture stem plants

    Cichlid digging isn’t an issue for me as I use mostly epiphytes attached to rock and rosette plants secured in pots. Rosette plants have deep root system so uprooting from secured pots is not easy. Java fern, Bolbitis, Anubias, Buce, Sag and swords have tough texture and strong roots not so...
  53. tiger15

    Tough texture stem plants

    Are there any tough texture stem plants that can withstand rough cichlid? There are plenty of rhizome and rosette plants that have tough texture, but I am not aware of any for stems. All stems I have experience with have brittle stems and leaves that break off easily, whereas I have to use...
  54. tiger15

    Algae I'm not sure how to get rid of...

    I think excel will help you get rid of the algae, but you have to administer adequate lethal level to the algae. According to excel instruction, you have to dose 5x after WC and 1x daily thereafter. When I had algae problem, I dosed 5x after weekly 75% WC and 2x daily thereafter, and the...
  55. tiger15

    Which Stem Plants Can be Mercilessly Trimmed Over and Over Again?

    According to Dennis Wong, if stems are growing healthy with adequate light and nutrients, they can be hacked repeatedly to achieve greater density. However, there is an expiration limit as the bottoms will eventually age out and need to be replaced with tops. I guess this applies to stem...
  56. tiger15

    Which Stem Plants Can be Mercilessly Trimmed Over and Over Again?

    Branching or not after hacking also depends on light intensity. Under intense light, some stems will grow horizontally and if hacked, they will branch out to occupy more horizontal space. The same stems under moderate light will grow tall to reach more light and won’t branch out after hacking...
  57. tiger15

    Which Stem Plants Can be Mercilessly Trimmed Over and Over Again?

    It depends on the light intensity and the demand of the stem. In super high light, say 150+ PAR at the substrate, I believe all stems can be hacked and will grow back from the bottom. In medium light, say 30 to 50 PAR at the substrate, if I hack medium light demanding Rotala rotundifolia and...
  58. tiger15

    Black phantom tetra

    You need more, not fewer males to spread out the aggression so not one fish is targeted. IME all tall body tetra are aggressive, so you need 6 or more to manage the aggression. Males will fight one another one time, and shoal another time. If you have large tankmates, they will be threatened...
  59. tiger15

    LED for a hooded tank

    This is why I use submersible LED tubes because they are made waterproof. Heat dissipation is not an issue as it is submerged at the water surface which can save your heating bill and reduce transmission loss. The only negative of these submersible is that the light intensity is on the low...
  60. tiger15

    Adjustable flow circulation pump

    You can replace with a smaller impeller of the next lower model if the company sells it. I changed my HOB impellers of the next lower model to reduce the flow rate.
  61. tiger15

    LED for a hooded tank

    All my planted tanks have hoods because I keep large cichlid and have to keep them from jumping out. I have an unconventional way of lighting my hooded tanks as I use submersible led tubes extensively by tying them with fish line to the plastic rims in the front, side, back and the central...
  62. tiger15

    Invasion of algae on algae eaters

    Mine are on ramshorn too, but not all of them get it. Are they hair algae? Some are completely free of algae, so I wonder if the health of the snail has something to do with it. They look like moving moss balls, or sort of camouflage. I saw the cherry shrimp graze on the snail shell, but not...
  63. tiger15

    Invasion of algae on algae eaters

    My algae eating snails are getting algae invasion on their shell. . The snails are in my window sill zero tech shrimp bowl that receives afternoon sunlight. The dwarf hair grass also get some on the stems. They look like bba in texture but too green to be red algae. What algae is it and...
  64. tiger15

    ADA Nature Aquarium Gallery and Japanese Aquascaping

    I have visited Sumida Aquarium where Amano completed his last project and the largest nature aquarium in 2013. I have not seen any difficult plants in the sense of intensity colored plants as in Dutch garden. Similar to Japanese gardens that accentuate the shade of green, form and harmony...
  65. tiger15

    ADA Nature Aquarium Gallery and Japanese Aquascaping

    I don’t think there is much ambiguity of what are easy and difficult plants based on rating from different sources. There may be some border line plants between easy and moderate or moderate and difficult plants depending on the rating source. Easy plants generally mean low light, and...
  66. tiger15

    "Project Ikebana"

    That’s stunning. The arrangement of plants, color, and betta in a glass box is a Tao of art. It will be helpful if you can provide more info on the set up and type of plants used.
  67. tiger15

    ADA Nature Aquarium Gallery and Japanese Aquascaping

    Bolbitis hasn’t been easy for me. The first two times I tried, both died. Only the third time I tried Bolbitis mini that it thrives. Without PAR values reported, we can only speculate the light intensity based on outdated measurements by Barr and the type of plants used. I don’t think ADA...
  68. tiger15

    ADA Nature Aquarium Gallery and Japanese Aquascaping

    Flowgrow plant profile site classified plants into 5 level of difficulty: very easy, easy, medium, difficult to very difficult. When I do a search on easy and very easy plants, they are low to medium light. When I do a search on difficult plants, they are medium to high light plants with...
  69. tiger15

    ADA Nature Aquarium Gallery and Japanese Aquascaping

    Yes, the info is more than a decade old before LED. The light in use then was T5, which I heard was as intense as if not more so than LED. Some aquascapers today still prefer T5 over LED in the believe it can grow better plants. So without direct measurement to verify, we don’t know if the...
  70. tiger15

    ADA Nature Aquarium Gallery and Japanese Aquascaping

    Tom Barr has visited ADA show room years ago and took a PAR meter with him to measure the light intensity. What he found was all tanks have 30 to 50 PAR at the substrate level, so the intensity is surprisingly low. ADA tanks are dominated by easy low light plants with few, if any, stem...
  71. tiger15

    Hygrophila polysperma 'Rosanervig' questions

    That makes sense similar to terrestrial variegated plants, such as liriope, has the tendency to revert back to all green form and need to prune away. So in pruning rosanervig, I can just hack all the green tops and let them branch out hopefully more variegated tops. This is unlike other stems...
  72. tiger15

    Hygrophila polysperma 'Rosanervig' questions

    My Hygrophila polysperma 'Rosanervig' grows vigorously in my medium light CO2 tank with full foliage from top to bottom, but only get a touch of red on some tops. Unlike my other stems, what is unusual about it is that the red tops are not necessarily closest to the light, but can be in mid...
  73. tiger15

    Goldfish bowl no filter aquascapes, how to keep warm?

    Cherry shrimp came from subtropical climate and can take chill. I hang my shrimp Bowles by the window and worry more about summer heat than winter cold. In my heated room, the temp in the bowl can drop to 15C in winter night, and not a problem with my shrimp except that they seem to slow down...
  74. tiger15

    Why stem plants have weak roots

    Why stem plants don't develop strong roots. I am annoyed by having to replant stems often as they come off the substrate easily, besides growing tall forever and generate ugly aerial roots. Epiphytes develop strong grabbing roots to hold on to rock and fallen wood, and rosette plants develop...
  75. tiger15

    Stocking advice for the cave...

    Rams stay out in the open. Kribensis are cave dweller, and don’t need high temp like rams. Other options are many Tanganyikan cave dwellers if your water has pH above 7.
  76. tiger15

    Best method for raising LED light?

    Instead of raising the light, I submerged it at the water line with submersible LED tube by tying it to the rim with fish line. Since your tank is rimless, you can buy tank top holders for attachment...
  77. tiger15

    Inspiration from Patagonia

    I want to share some pics of flora of Patagonia I visited last month. The place is gusty, wet and cold all year long, and the vegetation is dominated by dwarf bushes. There are drift wood scattered all over the landscape as a result of past fire events, and all have the contorted shape that...
  78. tiger15

    Removing algae prior to re planting anubias

    I will just spray 3% peroxide on the leaves and let it sit for 5 min before submerging. Algae eater will clean out the dead algae shortly.
  79. tiger15

    Rock elevation

    Why not buy more rock to support rock. Any artificial support will need to be hidden to look natural. If you use the same type of rock for foundation, there is no need to hide. I know some aquarists use larva rock as filler for elevation. Larva rock are light, natural, and has sandpaper...
  80. tiger15

    Rock elevation

    No need for egg crate or any artificial support if you choose the right rock. I stacked larva and lace rock which are light and have curved and rough surfaces that interlock tightly. Avoid heavy, smooth and flat rock like slate that can slip. Place larger rock at the bottom and smaller on top...
  81. tiger15

    eBay LEDs

    All my LEDs are purchased from Ebay. I have used them for over 3 years, and not a single one has failed. In addition to strip LEDs I placed on tank top, I tied submersible LEDs with fish line on the central brace, front and side rims to increase coverage...
  82. tiger15

    Green water in high flow hillstream tank

    I have a couple planted shrimp bowls hanged by a west facing window. They are heavily planted with floating and carpet plants and the water is crystal clear despite receiving several hours sunlight in the afternoon. There was one time during the acclimation period that the water turned opaque...
  83. tiger15

    Allowing lily to form floating leaves

    Zozo, thanks for the interesting observations. So it is water movement, not the lack of light intensity that caused it to grow long runners. I’ll wait and see how much longer the runners will grow and if ever stop. The floating leaves are dancing on the surface in slow motion. Eventually, I...
  84. tiger15

    Any Arabic reader out there

    I bought this calligraphy plate in Turkey. Can someone translate it to English for me.
  85. tiger15

    Allowing lily to form floating leaves

    So I experiment letting the lily to form floating leaves. In about 3 weeks, I got 4 floating leaves, and two more are coming up. I have two bulbs and each sends out a new runner every week. What’s remarkable is that the the runners are getting longer than needed to reach the surface and...
  86. tiger15

    Product Review Intank vs inline

    I use Tunze in tank diffuser which utilizes a power head to distribute dissolved and gaseous CO2. https://www.tunze.com/CA/en/details/7074.500-co2-diffuser.html It can handle high bps, silent, and said to be suitable up to 1000 liter. I think it is rather efficient, but have no experience...
  87. tiger15

    Bolbitis mini

    Thanks for the confirmation and the link to the beautiful pic in its natural habitat. I had the regular African Bolbitis before, but it did not make it. The mini Bolbitis is adapting well and spreading. The mini is not only smaller, but the texture also feels softer like down feather. The...
  88. tiger15

    Bolbitis mini

    Lot of info on Bolbitis, but my question is still not answered. Do I have the African or Asian Bolbitis? Picture is in Post 1.
  89. tiger15

    Bolbitis mini

    According to the plant profiles below, mini Bolbitis heudelotii is from SE Asia, not Africa. https://buceplant.com/products/mini-bolbitis-baby-leaf?utm_campaign=Buceletter 12/13/2019 (HGrMc9)&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Buce Plant...
  90. tiger15

    Bolbitis mini

    Can someone ID what Bolbitis species I have. I bought it as a mini Bolbitis and there are apparently an African and Asian species, and both have the mini form. I am not aware of the same genus of aquatic plants besides Bolbitis can be indigenous to two continents. In term of growth...
  91. tiger15

    Who shields their tank from natural light?

    In an unplanted or newly planted tank, direct sunlight can cause green water and algae, and should be shielded. In a balanced planted tank, direct sunlight has only positive effect. My two planted tanks receive window sunlight in mid morning during winter and I see more lush growth in plants...
  92. tiger15

    Floating plants

    The submerged leaves of mine grow to 4”, so I assume the lily pads can get at least as big. I have no idea the max size it can get, as it depends on the environment which is not natural in artificial light. I only start letting mine to form floating leaves, and have to wait and see,
  93. tiger15

    Floating plants

    How about dwarf water lily, not floating plant per se but lily pads are floating leaves with skinny stems. Lily pads are tidy, easy to prune, and thin enough to allow some light to pass through.
  94. tiger15

    A few shrimp questions . . .

    All tds meters measure conductivity as a proxy for tds. Actual tds determination requires gravimetric measurement by evaporating H2O and weighing the residues, a tedious method not commonly used. I’ve seen mixing different color Cherry shrimp nicely done, male only, so they won’t breed but...
  95. tiger15

    Allowing lily to form floating leaves

    I have CO2 and the light intensity is actually lower at the water surface than quarter way below because I dont overhang light but instead placed submersible LEDs at or within couple inches above the water surface. As long as the submerged leaves won’t die off and I can reverse the growth...
  96. tiger15

    Allowing lily to form floating leaves

    Thanks for the explanation. Apparently, the growth habit is not simple as it varies with the light intensity and other variables. My light intensity is only around 60 PAR at the substrate, so probably not enough to trigger huge floating leaves and flowering, But I guess I have to experiment to...
  97. tiger15

    Allowing lily to form floating leaves

    I have a dwarf lily (Nymphasea stellata) that I have been nipping off new stalks as I read that once floating leaves are formed, it’s unstoppable. But after seeing the floating leaves in this set up, it’s so cool that I want to experiment having a few floating leaves. What does it mean by...
  98. tiger15

    Bit of a warning with superglue

    My LFS doses the system with formalin once a week as a preventive treatment for potential ick outbreak as it stocks new fish weekly. I use Gorilla Superglue gel exclusively. Gorilla Glue, however, isn’t the same as Gorilla Superglue as it contains other ingredients besides Cyano, so read the...
  99. tiger15

    Hardscaping- Rock Work

    There are broadly two type of coal used in the industry. High carbon coal for steel making, and high octane coal for power plants. The former has less toxic PAH compounds and metals and is better suited for aquarium use. Since we don’t burn coal in the aquarium, not much toxic compounds are...
  100. tiger15

    Bit of a warning with superglue

    Superglue is one of the safest glue for use in aquarium. It's used widely for gluing corals and plants, and used medically as a liquid bandage. I suspect that the Superglue you used is not pure Cyano, or you use so much of it that the curing byproduct formalin it generated has reached lethal...
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